Knowledge, education and training

This section considers submissions that focus on the development, outcomes or discussion of guidelines, developments and training programmes for improving knowledge and clinical practice in the palliative care of patients with far advanced disease

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  1. Research article

    Critical attitudes and beliefs towards guidelines amongst palliative care professionals – results from a national survey

    Little is known about palliative care professionals’ attitudes towards guidelines. In 2015, the German Association for Palliative Medicine (DGP) published an evidence based guideline for palliative care in adu...

    Helen Kalies, Rieke Schöttmer, Steffen T. Simon, Raymond Voltz, Alexander Crispin and Claudia Bausewein

    BMC Palliative Care 2017 16:20

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Primary care physicians’ educational needs and learning preferences in end of life care: A focus group study in the UK

    Primary care physicians (General Practitioners (GPs)) play a pivotal role in providing end of life care (EoLC). However, many lack confidence in this area, and the quality of EoLC by GPs can be problematic. Ev...

    Lucy Ellen Selman, Lisa Jane Brighton, Vicky Robinson, Rob George, Shaheen A. Khan, Rachel Burman and Jonathan Koffman

    BMC Palliative Care 2017 16:17

    Published on: 9 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Clinical trials in palliative care: a systematic review of their methodological characteristics and of the quality of their reporting

    Over the past decades there has been a significant increase in the number of published clinical trials in palliative care. However, empirical evidence suggests that there are methodological problems in the des...

    Raquel Bouça-Machado, Madalena Rosário, Joana Alarcão, Leonor Correia-Guedes, Daisy Abreu and Joaquim J. Ferreira

    BMC Palliative Care 2017 16:10

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  4. Research article

    Health care professionals’ experience, understanding and perception of need of advanced cancer patients with cachexia and their families: The benefits of a dedicated clinic

    Cachexia is defined as the on-going loss of skeletal muscle mass that cannot be fully reversed by conventional nutritional support. It is found in up to 80% of patients with advanced cancer and has profound ps...

    David Scott, Joanne Reid, Peter Hudson, Peter Martin and Sam Porter

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:100

    Published on: 30 December 2016

  5. Research article

    Interventions and decision-making at the end of life: the effect of establishing the terminal illness situation

    Many ‘routine’ interventions performed in hospital rooms have repercussions for the comfort of the patient, and the decision to perform them should depend on whether the patient is identified as in a terminal ...

    C. Campos-Calderón, R. Montoya-Juárez, C. Hueso-Montoro, E. Hernández-López, F. Ojeda-Virto and M. P. García-Caro

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:91

    Published on: 7 November 2016

  6. Research article

    Family and healthcare professionals’ perceptions of a pilot hospice at home programme for children: a qualitative study

    Parents commonly report a significant improvement in quality of life following the provision of hospice and supportive care and have identified a need for such a service in the home. The purpose of this study ...

    Maria Brenner, Michael Connolly, Des Cawley, Frances Howlin, Jay Berry and Claire Quinn

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:89

    Published on: 28 October 2016

  7. Research article

    Patients’ perceptions of palliative care quality in hospice inpatient care, hospice day care, palliative units in nursing homes, and home care: a cross-sectional study

    Patients’ perceptions of care quality within and across settings are important for the further development of palliative care. The aim was to investigate patients’ perceptions of palliative care quality within se...

    Tuva Sandsdalen, Vigdis Abrahamsen Grøndahl, Reidun Hov, Sevald Høye, Ingrid Rystedt and Bodil Wilde-Larsson

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:79

    Published on: 24 August 2016

  8. Research article

    “Sometimes I’ve gone home feeling that my voice hasn’t been heard”: a focus group study exploring the views and experiences of health care assistants when caring for dying residents

    In most developed countries, Health Care Assistants comprise a significant, and growing, proportion of the residential aged care workforce. Despite the fact that they provide the majority of direct care for re...

    Susan Fryer, Gary Bellamy, Tessa Morgan and Merryn Gott

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:78

    Published on: 19 August 2016

  9. Research article

    Comfort experience in palliative care: a phenomenological study

    Palliative care aims to provide maximum comfort to the patient. However it is unknown what factors facilitate or hinder the experience of comfort, from the perspective of inpatients of palliative care units. T...

    Adriana Coelho, Vitor Parola, Miguel Escobar-Bravo and João Apóstolo

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:71

    Published on: 2 August 2016

  10. Research article

    The impact of a simulated intervention on attitudes of undergraduate nursing and medical students towards end of life care provision

    The concerns of undergraduate nursing and medical students’ regarding end of life care are well documented. Many report feelings of emotional distress, anxiety and a lack of preparation to provide care to pati...

    Claire Lewis, Joanne Reid, Zara McLernon, Rory Ingham and Marian Traynor

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:67

    Published on: 2 August 2016

  11. Research article

    Improving palliative care in selected settings in England using quality indicators: a realist evaluation

    There is a gap between readily available evidence of best practice and its use in everyday palliative care. The IMPACT study evaluated the potential of facilitated use of Quality Indicators as tools to improve...

    Steve Iliffe, Nathan Davies, Jill Manthorpe, Peter Crome, Sam H Ahmedzai, Myrra Vernooij-Dassen and Yvonne Engels

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:69

    Published on: 2 August 2016

  12. Research article

    Mismatch between physicians and family members views on communications about patients with chronic incurable diseases receiving care in critical and intensive care settings in Georgia: a quantitative observational survey

    Physicians working in critical and intensive care settings encounter death of chronic incurable patients on a daily basis; however they have scant skills on how to communicate with the patients and their famil...

    Nana Chikhladze, Elene Janberidze, Mariam Velijanashvili, Nikoloz Chkhartishvili, Memed Jintcharadze, Julia Verne and Dimitri Kordzaia

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:63

    Published on: 22 July 2016

  13. Research article

    Barriers to and facilitators for implementing quality improvements in palliative care – results from a qualitative interview study in Norway

    Implementation of quality improvements in palliative care (PC) is challenging, and detailed knowledge about factors that may facilitate or hinder implementation is essential for success. One part of the EU-fun...

    Ragni Sommerbakk, Dagny Faksvåg Haugen, Aksel Tjora, Stein Kaasa and Marianne Jensen Hjermstad

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:61

    Published on: 15 July 2016

  14. Debate

    Of apples and oranges: Lessons learned from the preparation of research protocols for systematic reviews exploring the effectiveness of Specialist Palliative Care

    Agreed terminology used in systematic reviews of the effectiveness of specialist palliative care ((S)PC)) is required to ensure consistency and usability and to help guide future similar reviews and the design...

    Jan Gaertner, Waldemar Siemens, Barbara A. Daveson, Melinda Smith, Catherine J. Evans, Irene J. Higginson and Gerhild Becker

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:43

    Published on: 18 April 2016

  15. Research article

    A palliative care link nurse programme in Mulago Hospital, Uganda: an evaluation using mixed methods

    Integrating palliative care (PC) and empowering the health care workforce is essential to achieve universal access to PC services. In 2010, 46 % of patients in Mulago Hospital, Uganda had a life limiting illne...

    Julia Downing, Mwazi Batuli, Grace Kivumbi, Josephine Kabahweza, Liz Grant, Scott A. Murray, Elizabeth Namukwaya and Mhoira Leng

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:40

    Published on: 8 April 2016

  16. Research article

    Timely identification of palliative patients and anticipatory care planning by GPs: practical application of tools and a training programme

    Palliative care is mainly restricted to terminal care. General practitioners (GPs) are not trained to early identify palliative patients with cancer, COPD or heart failure. With the help of the RADboud indicat...

    Bregje Thoonsen, Marieke Groot, Stans Verhagen, Chris van Weel, Kris Vissers and Yvonne Engels

    BMC Palliative Care 2016 15:39

    Published on: 5 April 2016

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