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Table 2 Bivariate analysis of factors associated with dying at home

From: Predictors of dying at home for patients receiving nursing services in Japan: A retrospective study comparing cancer and non-cancer deaths

  Cancer Non-cancer
  Number dying at home % dying at home   OR 95%CI Number dying at home % dying at home   OR 95%CI
Age at death           
   for 10 years continuous#    ** 1.17 1.07-1.28    *** 1.66 1.52-1.81
Gender           
   Male 416 41.9   1.00   520 43.4   1.00  
   Female 285 42.5   1.02 0.84-1.25 709 54.0 *** 1.53 1.31-1.79
ADL dependence           
   Not severe 306 33.1   1.00   380 35.3   1.00  
   Severe 368 54.3 *** 2.31 1.89-2.82 830 59.8 *** 2.64 2.24-3.11
Cognitive impairment           
   Not severe 644 41.7   1.00   865 45.1   1.00  
   Severe 57 47.9   1.28 0.88-1.86 364 61.4 *** 1.93 1.60-2.33
Patient's preference for site of death           
   Home 543 67.0 *** 8.95 7.14-11.23 581 68.9 *** 3.49 2.92-4.16
   Not home (hospital/unknown) 158 18.5   1.00   648 38.8   1.00  
Family's preference for site of death           
   Home 570 81.4 *** 27.80 21.39-36.34 879 81.9 *** 14.08 11.57-17.14
   Not home (hospital/unknown) 131 13.6   1.00   350 24.3   1.00  
Family caregiver           
   None/present only at night 71 26.3   1.00   218 45.1   1.00  
   Present at all times 630 45.2 *** 2.31 1.73-3.09 1011 49.9   1.21 0.99-1.47
Type of insurance           
   Health insurance 456 47.4   1.00   243 48.6   1.00  
   Long term care insurance 245 34.9 *** 0.59 0.49-0.72 986 49.0   1.01 0.83-12.4
Duration of VNS services           
   Shortest quartile 207 48.5   1.00   303 50.0   1.00  
   2nd quartile 175 45.9   0.90 0.68-1.19 288 47.8   0.91 0.73-1.14
   3rd quartile 198 49.3   1.03 0.78-1.35 297 49.3   0.97 0.77-1.21
   4th quartile 119 29.4 *** 0.44 0.33-0.58 333 55.1 1.22 0.98-1.54
Use of 24-hour VNS services           
   Yes 592 42.0   0.96 0.73-1.26 1008 49.8 1.18 0.97-1.45
   No 109 42.9   1.00   221 45.5   1.00  
Where physician is based           
   Hospital 222 27.1   1.00   319 32.5   1.00  
   Clinic 465 57.3 *** 3.60 2.92-4.43 867 59.8 *** 3.09 2.61-3.66
Use of home help services           
   Yes 226 41.3   0.95 0.77-1.17 710 50.2   1.13 0.96-1.32
   No 475 42.5   1.00   519 47.3   1.00  
  1. Missing responses have been excluded from the total in each item.
  2. #The Odds ratio shown is for 10 years increases (i.e., the tenth power of Odds ratio per one year of age).
  3. †p < 0.1, *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, *** p < 0.001