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Table 4 Crude and adjusted associations between decedent characteristics and death in hospital, British Columbia, Canada, 2004 to 2008

From: Determinants of place of death: a population-based retrospective cohort study

Characteristic Crude odds ratio 95% CI Adjusted odds ratio* 95% CI P value
Age (years) <50 0.49 0.47–0.51 0.51 0.48–0.53 <0.0001
  50–59 0.76 0.73–0.79 0.75 0.72–0.79 <0.0001
  60–69 0.93 0.90–0.97 0.93 0.89–0.96 <0.0001
  70–79 1.00 1.00
  80–89 0.77 0.75–0.79 0.85 0.82–0.87 <0.0001
  ≥90 0.47 0.45–0.48 0.55 0.53–0.58 <0.0001
Sex – Female 1.00 1.00
  Male 1.21 1.18–1.24 1.05 1.03–1.07 <0.0001
Marital status – Married 1.00 1.00
  Never married 0.55 0.53–0.57 0.60 0.58–0.63 <0.0001
  Widowed 0.63 0.62–0.65 0.73 0.71–0.75 <0.0001
  Other 0.70 0.68–0.72 0.71 0.68–0.73 <0.0001
Residence – Vancouver 1.00 1.00
  Victoria 0.54 0.52–0.56 0.56 0.54–0.58 <0.0001
  Other city 0.73 0.72–0.75 0.73 0.71–0.74 <0.0001
  Rural 0.89 0.86–0.92 0.86 0.83–0.89 <0.0001
Cause of death – Cancer 1.00 1.00
 Cardiovascular 0.91 0.89–0.94 1.05 1.02–1.08 0.004
 Cerebrovascular 1.22 1.17–1.27 1.40 1.34–1.46 <0.0001
 COPD 1.36 1.29–1.44 1.49 1.41–1.57 <0.0001
 Pneumonia/Influenza 1.14 1.07–1.22 1.43 1.34–1.52 <0.0001
 Dementia 0.26 0.24–0.27 0.31 0.29–0.33 <0.0001
 Other 1.02 0.99–1.05 1.23 1.19–1.26 <0.0001
Year of death – 2004 1.00 1.00
  2005 0.98 0.95–1.02 0.99 0.96–1.02 0.58
  2006 0.91 0.88–0.94 0.93 0.90–0.96 <0.0001
  2007 0.87 0.85–0.90 0.89 0.86–0.92 <0.0001
  2008 0.97 0.94–1.00 1.01 0.98–1.04 0.61
  1. * Adjusted odds ratios obtained from logistic models that also controlled for place of birth.