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Table 2 Enabling factors: descriptive characteristics of clients with at least one emergency department visits or hospitalizations (n = 764)

From: Predictors of emergency room visits or acute hospital admissions prior to death among hospice palliative care clients in Ontario: a retrospective cohort study

Variable Sample % (n) Rate of ERVH % (n) p value Unadjusted 95% Confidence interval
Odds ratio
Significant variables (based on p value)
Person’s median cost of care
Less than or equal to $562.90 49.9(360) 59.7(215) 0.0001 1  
Greater than $562.90 50.1(361) 45.4(164) 0.59 0.45-0.79
Caregiver distress 1      
No 84.3 (644) 54.7 (352) 0.002 1  
Yes 15.7 (120) 39.2 (47) 0.53 0.36-0.79
Not significant variables (based on p value)
Access to a physician 2
No 1.4 (11) 45.4 (5) 0.65 1  
Yes 98.6 (753) 52.3 (394) 1.32 0.40-4.35
Rural character
No 88.2 (674) 52.1 (351) 0.99 1  
Yes 11.8 (90) 52.5 (47) 1.00 0.64-1.55
  1. Note: Odds ratio = 1 indicates reference group.
  2. 1Caregiver expresses feelings of distress, anger, or depression/is unable to continue caring activities.
  3. 2Whether clients had a physician contact on file.
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