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Table 2 Patients characteristics on admission – demographic and clinical data of all patients in comparison to those who died in PCU Havelhoehe 1995–2002. Significant differences were found between groups on age and stages on admission except preterminal stage.

From: Sedation in palliative care – a critical analysis of 7 years experience

  All admissions (A) Subgroup (B) Subgroup (C) Significance p-values
  All patients (n = 1467) † without sed. (n = 468) † with sed. (n = 80)  
Gender (%)     
female 55.8 57.1 61.2 n.s.
Age (years)     
Mean (SD) 60,8 (17.8) 63.6 (13.3)* 54.3 (14.4)** *p = 0.026
Range (19.7–97.7) (24.6–97.7) (19.7–81.1) **P < 0.001.
Stage on admission (%)     
Rehabilitative 33.3 15.1** 13.8** **P < 0.001
Preterminal 44.3 42.2 43.8 P = 0.445
Terminal 19.6 36.6** 38.7** **P < 0.001
Final 2.8 6.2* 3.8* *P = 0.002
Duration of stay (days)     
Mean (SD) 21.0 (21.5) 21.1 (23.6) 21.5 (20.3) n.s.
Median 16 14.0 15.5  
Range (0 – 233) (0 – 199) (1 – 109)  
Primary cancer site (%)     
Gastrointestinal 21.6 24.4 27.2 n.s.
Breast 15.4 15.6 6.2 P = 0.06 n.s.
Lung, bronchus & trachea 12.8 14.9 16.0 n.s.
Prostate 8.8 5.2 3.7 n.s
Female genital 8.6 9.7 14.8 n.s.
Bones, skin & soft tissue 6.3 6.7 7.4 n.s.
Nervous system 3.8 3.7 1.2 n.s.
Urinary system 3.8 3.7 7.4 P = 0.085 n.s.
Oropharynx & hypopharynx 3.7 4.1 7.4 P = 0.085 n.s.
Lymphoma 3.5 4.3 3.7 n.s.
Others 1.2 2.1 4.9 n.s.
Non-cancer diagnosis 10.5 5.6** 0.0 P = 0.001
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