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Table 4 Predominant and concomitant symptoms on admission to PCU Havelhoehe.

From: Sedation in palliative care – a critical analysis of 7 years experience

Symptom All admissions (A)   Subgroup (B)   Subgroup (C)   Significance
  All (n = 1467)   † without sed.(n = 468)   † with sed. (n = 80)   p-Values
  Predominant Concomitant Predominant Concomitant Predominant Concomitant  
Pain 29,1% 56,3% 27,1% 54,0% 37,5% 70,0% n.s.
Gastrointestinal (nausea, vomiting, constipation & bowel obstruction) 17,4% 71,3% 11,7%* 55,9% 8,8%* 67,5% *p = 0.014
Dyspnoea 14,6% 31,2% 15,5% 33,1% 22,5% 46,3% n.s.
Psychological distress (anxiety/depression) 2,4% 34,0% 1,7% 20,9% 5,0% 37,5% n.s.
Cachexia/fatigue 9,3% 56,3% 17,4%** 65,9% 12,5% 66,3% **p < 0.001
Cognitive disorder/delirium (drowsiness/agitation) 8,5% 29,1% 11,2% 29,1% 3,8% 13,7% n.s.
Bleeding 2,4% 3,2% 1,3% 3,8% 0,0% 1,3% n.s.
Skin (ulceration, oedema) 5,3% 42,5% 3,2% 31,4% 2,5% 35,0% n.s.
Neurological 8,9% 33,6% 8,7% 27,1% 6,3% 26,3% n.s.
Others 2,1% 34,2% 2,2% 22,0% 1,1% 14,5% n.s.