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Table 4 Characteristics of 101 included cases, the 46 cases not included because the relative did not respond and the 52 cases where the general practitioners (GP) or the community nurse (CN) advised against sending the relative a questionnaire.

From: Associations between successful palliative cancer pathways and community nurse involvement

  Cases in study
(N= 101)
Cases of relative-non-responders
(N = 46)
Cases where the GP or CN advised against sending the relative a questionnaire
(N = 52)
Patient's age at time of death
(mean (95% CI))
69.6 (67.3;71.9) 68.1 (64.8;71.4) 73.0 (69.9;76.2)
Patient's gender (n (%))    
   Male 61 (60.4) 18 (39.1)* 30 (57.7)
   Female 40 (39.6) 28 (60.9)* 22 (42.3)
Primary cancer diagnosis (n (%))    
   Bronchus/lung 16 (15.8) 10 (21.7) 8 (15.4)
   Colon/Rectum 13 (12.9) 8 (17.4) 5 (9.6)
   Breast 11 (10.9) 9 (19.6) 3 (5.8)
   Prostate 17 (16.8) 3 (6.5) 11 (21.2)
   Other 44 (43.6) 16 (34.8) 25 (48.1)
Place of death (n (%))    
   Home 62 (61.4) 25 (54.4) 10 (19.2)*
   Nursing home 13 (12.9) 3 (6.5) 18 (34.6)*
   Hospital/Hospice 25 (24.8) 18 (39.1) 23 (44.2)*
   Other (e.g. other institution) 1 (1.0) 0 (0.0) 1 (1.9)
Relative's age at time of filling in questionnaire   - -
   (mean (95% CI)) 58.3 (55.4; 61.2)   
Gender of relative (n (%))   - -
   Male 28 (27.7)   
   Female 73 (72.3)   
Relative's relation to deceased (n (%))   - -
   Spouse 63 (62.4)   
   Girlfriend or boyfriend 1 (1.0)   
   Daughter or son 32 (31.7)   
   Sister or brother 1 (1.0)   
   Parent 1 (1.0)   
   Daughter-in-law 3 (3.0)   
Relative lived with patient (n (%))   - -
   No 23 (23.7)   
   Yes 74 (76.3)   
Relative's vocational education (n (%))   - -
   3 years or less 62 (63.3)   
   > 3 years 36 (36.7)   
CN's age (mean (95% CI) 44.4 (42.7;46.2) 46.2 (43.8;48.6) 46.1 (43.9;48.4)
CN's years as CN (n (%))    
   Five and less 36 (40.0) 16 (40.0) 12 (25.0)
   More than five 54 (60.0) 24 (60.0) 36 (75.0)
CN's extra education or courses in palliative care (n (%))    
   No    
   Yes 70 (82.4) 34 (85.0) 39 (86.7)
  15 (17.6) 6 (15.0) 6 (13.3)
CN's and community services' home-visits pr day (n (%))    
   Less than one    
   One or more 14 (14.7) 5 (12.2) 9 (18.4)
  81 (85.3) 36 (87.8) 40 (81.6)
CN's knowledge prior to palliative period (n (%))    
   Poor    
   Well 57 (60.6) 22 (51.2) 29 (56.9)
  37 (39.4) 21 (48.8) 22 (43.1)
CN's contact with relatives (n (%))    
   No 3 (3.1) 2 (4.7) 15 (30.6)*
   Yes 94 (96.9) 41 (95.3) 34 (69.4)*
GP involvement (n (%))    
   No 14 (15.2) 4 (9.3) 10 (20.0)
   Yes 78 (84.8) 39 (90.7) 40 (80.0)
Specialist team involvement (n (%))    
   No 39 (55.7) 21 (58.3) 21 (56.8)
   Yes 31 (44.3) 15 (41.7) 16 (43.2)
  1. * Statistically significantly different from the 101 cases in study with p-value < 0.05.
  2. Not all sums of percentages are added to 100.0% because of round-offs.
  3. Case data in study stem from GP, CN and relative-questionnaires and from formal health registers. Case data of relative-non-responders and of the group where the GP advised against sending the relative a questionnaire stem from GP and CN questionnaires and formal health registers.