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Table 1 Types of reaction to the questionnaire of the EPACS study stratified by the socio-demographic characteristics of the deceased, n = 4967

From: End-of-life care in Germany: Study design, methods and first results of the EPACS study (Establishment of Hospice and Palliative Care Services in Germany)

  Total Answered questionnaires Non-participation No reaction Returned to sender p value
  n n % n % n % n %  
Sex < 0.001
   Male 2,324 612 26.3 440 18.9 893 38.4 379 16.3  
   Female 2,643 766 29.0 305 11.5 817 30.9 755 28.6  
Marital Status < 0.001
   Married 2,066 654 31.7 436 21.1 844 40.9 132 6.4  
   Widowed 2,121 594 28.0 224 10.6 630 29.7 673 31.7  
   Divorced 310 47 15.2 25 8.1 85 27.4 153 49.4  
   Unmarried 469 83 17.7 60 12.8 150 32.0 176 37.5  
Nationality 0.16
   German 4,886 1,364 27.9 733 15.0 1,675 34.3 1,114 22.8  
   Other 81 14 17.3 12 14.8 35 43.2 20 24.7  
Age < 0.001
   0 - 39 years 85 14 16.5 21 24.7 35 41,2 15 17.6  
   40 - 49 years 153 37 24.2 13 8.5 61 39.9 42 27.5  
   50 - 59 years 307 84 27.4 37 12.1 132 43.0 54 17.6  
   60 - 69 years 631 185 29.3 114 18.1 223 35.3 109 17.3  
   70 - 79 years 1,187 322 27.1 219 18.4 469 39.5 177 14.9  
   80 - 89 years 1,904 526 27.6 259 13.6 627 32.9 492 25.8  
   ≥ 90 years 700 210 30.0 82 11.7 163 23.3 245 35.0