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Table 1 Background characteristics of respondents

From: The use of opioids at the end of life: the knowledge level of Dutch physicians as a potential barrier to effective pain management

  General practitioners Elderly care physicians Clinical specialists p-value* Total
  n = 182 n = 110 n = 112   n = 406
  % % %   %
Gender     <0.05  
• Men 63 36 70   58
• Women 36 65 30   42
Age (years)     ≥0.05  
• <40 20 31 13   21
• 41-50 32 33 40   35
• 51-60 41 35 41   39
• >60 7 1 6   5
Employment     <0.05  
• full-time 54 27 80   55
• part-time 43 71 20   45
Grade given for own knowledge before completing the questionnaire (1-10)     <0.05  
• <5.5 3 2 9   4
• 5.5-6.5 13 6 15   11
• 6.6-7.5 56 52 39   50
• 7.6-8.5 27 38 29   30
• 8.6-10 2 3 8   4
Grade given for own knowledge after completing the questionnaire (1-10)     <0.05  
• <5.5 2 1 13   5
• 5.5-6.5 10 9 17   12
• 6.6-7.5 53 53 39   49
• 7.6-8.5 33 34 28   32
• 8.6-10 2 3 5   3
Received specific education in palliative care apart from regular medical education 77 90 43 <0.05 71
Number of patients to whom the respondent had prescribed opioids in 2008     ≥0.05  
• None 0 2 3   1
• 1-5 5 2 13   6
• 6-20 43 28 24   33
• 21-50 35 46 20   34
• >50 16 21 42   25
Number of deaths after a sickbed (non-sudden) in 2008 while being treating physician     <0.05  
• None 0 0 11   3
• 1-5 35 5 15   21
• 6-20 59 39 49   50
• 21-50 6 47 17   21
• >50 1 9 9   5
Percentage of these patients that were using opioids at the moment of death     <0.05  
• None 1 1 8   2
• 1-40% 17 16 36   22
• 41-80% 46 66 42   51
• 81-100% 37 17 14   25
  1. * chi-square test testing differences between the three groups of physicians
  2. including 2 physicians who did not specify their specialty
  3. percentage of patients per physician, (e.g. 37% of the general practitioners indicated that 81-100% of their patients were using opioids at the moment of death), percentages of physicians who had at least one death after a sickbed (non-sudden) in 2008