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Table 2 Details of palliative sedation in 82 patients

From: Palliative sedation for terminally ill cancer patients in a tertiary cancer center in Shanghai, China

Variables N
Frequency of palliative sedation (N/%)  
 Intermittently 82(100%)
 Intermittently to continuously 20
Medication for sedation*  
 Diazepam 59
 Haloperidol 48
 Chlorpromazine 9
Route ※  
 Intravenous injection 3
 Intramuscular injection 81
Sedation Duration  
 Mean hour (SD) 24.65(±1.78)
 Median hour (range) 22 (2–71)
Time between the start of sedation and death  
 0-24 hours before death (%) 54 (65.85%)
 24-48 hours before death (%) 18 (21.95%)
 >48 hours before death (%) 10 (12.20%)
Symptom indication for request (%) #  
 Agitated Delirum 39
 Dyspnea 35
 Pain 12
 others 9
Consent  
 Caregivers consent only 65
 Patientss’ consent only 7
 Both the caregivers and patients consent 10
  1. * 34 patients used more than one kind of drugs.
  2. ※ The number in the route was 84 because 2 patients received both intravenous and intramuscular injection.
  3. #10 patients suffered more than one indication for the PS. Others included uncontrolled nausea and vomiting.