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Table 5 Statistically significant relationships between number and content of contacts and patient and organizational characteristics

From: Case management in primary palliative care is associated more strongly with organisational than with patient characteristics: results from a cross-sectional prospective study

  Patient Organization Care
        Affiliation of the case manager: Target group:  
  Age†† Sex female†† Living situation alone†† At least one additional diagnosis†† Functional status†† Start of case manage-ment†† Home care organi-zation†† Hospice†† From life prolonging care onwards†† Only palliative care patients†† Number of contacts
Number of contacts   1.12 (1.01 – 1.24)    0.89 (0.85 – 0.93) 1.22 (1.08 – 1.38) 0.54 (0.41 – 0.71) 0.57 (0.50 – 0.66) 0.71 (0.62 – 0.82) 0.65 (0.49 – 0.86)  
Number of conversations about:            
- physical complaints      0.96 (0.93 – 0.98)   1.47 (1.37 – 1.58) 1.52 (1.40 – 1.65)    1.12 (1.12 – 1.13)
- psychological aspects    0.87 (0.79 – 0.96)   0.95 (0.91 – 0.98)   1.22 (0.97 – 1.53) 1.14 (1.01 – 1.28) 0.87 (0.77 – 0.98) 1.01 (0.80 – 1.27) 1.10 (1.09 – 1.11)
- life expectancy          1.40 (1.25 – 1.56) 1.04 (0.95 – 1.14) 1.08 (1.07 – 1.09)
- incurability of disease        1.69 (1.37 – 2.10) 0.90 (0.81 – 1.01) 1.54 (1.38 – 1.73) 1.68 (1.34 – 2.09) 1.08 (1.07 – 1.08)
- possibilities of palliative care 1.01 (1.00 – 1.01)   0.90 (0.82 – 0.99)    0.81 (0.73 – 0.89) 1.08 (0.98 – 1.20) 1.47 (1.31 – 1.67)    1.07 (1.06 – 1.07)
- medical treatment(s) 1.00 (0.99 – 1.00)     0.92 (0.89 – 0.96) 1.24 (1.12 – 1.37) 1.48 (1.19 – 1.86) 1.20 (1.07 – 1.36) 1.16 (1.03 – 1.30) 1.13 (0.90 – 1.42) 1.08 (1.07 – 1.09)
- social aspects      0.94 (0.91 – 0.98) 0.89 (0.79 – 1.00) 1.14 (0.88 – 1.48) 1.39 (1.21 – 1.59) 0.74 (0.65 – 0.85) 1.07 (0.82 – 1.40) 1.07 (1.06 – 1.08)
- main diagnosis       1.09 (1.00 – 1.18) 1.84 (1.52 – 2.23) 0.95 (0.86 – 1.06) 1.36 (1.23 – 1.50) 1.22 (1.00 – 1.49) 1.03 (1.03 – 1.04)
- burden of treatment(s) 0.99 (0.99 – 1.00)   1.11 (1.00 – 1.23)   0.93 (0.89 – 0.97) 1.22 (1.09 – 1.36) 1.62 (1.27 – 2.06) 1.52 (1.33 – 1.73) 1.25 (1.10 – 1.43) 1.21 (0.94 – 1.56) 1.07 (1.06 – 1.08)
- spiritual aspects    0.88 (0.80 – 0.97)       0.79 (0.70 – 0.86) 0.90 (0.82 – 0.99) 1.05 (1.04 – 1.06)
- possible medical complications        1.35 (1.24 – 1.47) 1.27 (1.15 – 1.40)    1.04 (1.04 – 1.05)
  1. N = 662, number of missing values range from 0 to 24. Reported are unstandardized regression coefficients with 95 % confidence intervals. All dependent variables were logtransformed due to skewed data, and can therefore be interpreted like odds ratios. In the presented models all variables have p-values of 0.05 or below (the affiliation of the case manager and the target group of the organization are both nominal variables, all categories are reported when at least one of them has a p-value of 0.05 or below). †† Reference groups in analyses: Sex male = reference; Living situation not alone = reference; No additional diagnosis = reference; Start of case management late in disease trajectory = reference; Affiliation is collaboration between institutions = reference; Target group of organization from curative care onwards = reference. For functional status higher score = lower status (in Table 4; the higher the score and therefore the lower the status, the less conversations on a topic)