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Table 2 Changes in the pain-related parameters

From: Opioid rotation versus combination for cancer patients with chronic uncontrolled pain: a randomized study

  Rotation group Combination group
  Baseline (n = 24) Day 7 (n = 20) Baseline (n = 26) Day 7 (n = 19)
Pain (mean ± SD)     
 Maximal pain 6.2 ± 2.2 4.7 ± 2.4 6.5 ± 1.8 4.8 ± 2.1
 Minimal pain 2.9 ± 2.8 2.0 ± 1.9 3.0 ± 2.5 1.8 ± 1.5
 Average pain 4.5 ± 2.8 3.4 ± 2.8 4.6 ± 1.8 2.9 ± 1.6
 Current pain 5.3 ± 3.1 3.4 ± 2.9 4.7 ± 2.2 2.5 ± 1.7
Relief from pain 2 (8 %) 10 (42 %) 6 (23 %) 16 (62 %)
Interference (mean ± SD)     
 General activity 6.9 ± 3.3 6.2 ± 2.8 5.9 ± 3.6 6.5 ± 2.2
 Mood 6.0 ± 3.8 5.3 ± 3.4 7.1 ± 3.1 5.5 ± 3.0
 Walking ability 4.3 ± 4.2 3.8 ± 3.9 5.7 ± 3.3 4.7 ± 3.2
 Normal work 5.0 ± 4.6 4.5 ± 3.9 6.4 ± 3.3 6.2 ± 3.8
 Relation with others 5.2 ± 4.4 6.4 ± 3.6 6.7 ± 3.7 6.7 ± 3.6
 Sleep 4.0 ± 4.1 4.1 ± 3.9 4.7 ± 3.6 4.7 ± 3.7
 Enjoyment of life 6.7 ± 3.9 7.8 ± 3.1 7.8 ± 2.9 8.3 ± 2.1