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Table 1 Patients’ characteristics

From: Palliative enteral feeding for patients with malignant esophageal obstruction: a retrospective study

  NG tube Esophageal stent NPO P-value
  (n = 12) (n = 10) (n = 9)  
Age in years 72.6 ± 14.1 58.0 ± 9.4 61.4 ± 7.8 0.01
Gender (M/F) 10/2 9/1 8/1 0.88
BMI 19.0 ± 3.3 18.1 ± 2.6 17.4 ± 2.6 0.45
Cancer stage     0.18
 III 2 0 0  
 IV 10 10 9  
Histology     0.07
 SCC 9 10 9  
 ADC 3 0 0  
Dysphagia score 3.6 ± 0.5 3.1 ± 0.6 3.8 ± 0.4 0.02
 3 5 8 2  
 4 7 2 7  
Fistula     
 Yes 1 6 0 <0.01
 No 11 4 9  
Albumin (g/dL) 2.8 ± 0.4 2.8 ± 0.5 2.5 ± 0.2 0.15
Indication for palliation     0.05
 Metastasis 10 (83 %) 10 (100 %) 5 (56 %)  
 Poor medical condition 2 (17 %) 0 (0 %) 4 (44 %)  
  1. NG tube nasogastric tube, NPO nil per os, SCC squamous cell carcinoma, ADC adenocarcinoma