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Table 3 Characteristics of the models

From: Integrated palliative care in Europe: a qualitative systematic literature review of empirically-tested models in cancer and chronic disease

First author Focus of the model Setting Time frame Disciplines represented Collaboration strategy
Cancer
 Jordhoy et al. [20] treating, training, consulting Hospital, GP’s, nursing homes, home care end of life GP, community nurse, consultant nurse, physician from PMU. Model-responsible team meetingsa
 Smeenk et al. [21] treating, training, consulting Hospital, primary care team concurrent, end of life Specialist nurse coordinator, oncology ward nurses + medical specialist, transmural home team with nurses from hospital + day care. Model-responsible team meetings, protocol
 Colombet et al. [22] treating, consulting Hospital concurrent, end of life 15 referral physicians: oncologists who prescribe chemotherapy, of whom 2 have been trained in PC fundamentals. MDT: PCT and oncology staff. PCT: PC specialists, nurses, secretary assistant, psychologist. Oncology staff: physicians, nurses, head nurses, social workers, psychologists, secretaries. Model-responsible team + additional experts meetingb
 Schreml, et al. [23] treating, training, consulting Hospital concurrent, end of life Physicians and nurses. Model-responsible team meetings
End-of-life (Liverpool Care Pathway)
 Constantini et al. [24] treating, training Hospital end of life PCT: 2 physicians, 3 nurses, 2 psychologists. protocol
LCP training: nurses and physicians of the hospital wards.
 Veerbeek et al. [25] treating Hospital, nursing home and home end of life Physicians and nurses. Model-responsible team meetings, protocol
Malignant and Non-malignant Disease
 Grande et al. [26] treating Home end of life Six qualified nurses, 2 nursing auxiliaries, CHAH coordinator, agency nursing care. Model-responsible team meetings
 Vicente et al.[27] treating Hospital, home end of life PC home team as an MDT comprised by physicians, nurses, nurse assistants, and administrative assistants, social workes, psychologists. Model-responsible team meetings
Dementia
 Sampson et al. [28] treating, training, consulting Hospital, home end of life Senior nurse experienced in dementia and trained in PC; clinical MDT. Model-responsible team meetings
 Multiple Sclerosis
 Higginson et al. [29] treating, consulting Home, hospital outpatient clinic, care homes, hospital concurrent Part-time PC medicine consultant, 1 part-time clinical nurse specialist, 1 administrator, 1 psychosocial worker. Model-responsible team meetings
 Edmonds et al. [30] treating, consulting Home, hospital outpatient clinics, care homes, hospital concurrent Part-time consultant in PC Medicine with specialist interest in neurological conditions, part-time clinical nurse specialist, full time administrator. Model-responsible team + additional experts meeting
HIV/AIDS
 Koffman et al. [31] treating, consulting Hospice, home end of life Nurses trained in PC; bank nurses for night-sitting; 2 PC medicine consultants. Model-responsible team + additional experts meeting
Chronic Heart Failure
 Pattenden et al. [32] treating, consulting Homes, hospice, ‘care of the elderly’ wards concurrent, end of life Heart Failure nurse specialists, MCN nurses, MCN health care assistants, cardiology, ‘care for the elderly’ consultants, district nurses, GPs. Model-responsible team + additional experts meeting, protocol
Advanced Chronic Disease
 Navarro et al. [33] treating Hospital concurrent The MDT consists of physicians, head nurse, ward nurses, auxiliary nurses, collaborating with a dietician, psychologist, social worker, rehabilitation physician, physiotherapist, occupational therapist and speech therapist. Model-responsible team + additional experts meeting
  1. Table 3 describes five characteristics of the included studies: the focus of the model, the setting, the time frame of the model, the functions represented, and collaboration strategy involved
  2. PC palliative care, GP general practitioner, PMU palliative medicine unit, PCT palliative care team, MDT multidisciplinary team, LCP Liverpool Care Pathway, MNC Marie Curie Cancer Care, CHAH Cambridge hospital at home service, ESAD Home Care Support Team, MDM multidisciplinary meetings
  3. ameetings of the team that is involved in the implementation of the model
  4. bmeetings between the team responsible for the implementation of the model and other disciplines involved in the treatment of the patient