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Table 1 The characteristics of patients and spousal caregivers

From: Factors influencing the health-related quality of life of Chinese advanced cancer patients and their spousal caregivers: a cross-sectional study

Characteristics Patients (P, n=131) Spousal caregivers (SC, n=131)
  n (%) n (%)
Age (mean± SD), years 56.6±12.1 (ranging from 25 to 79) 56.0±11.3 (ranging from 29 to 80)
Gender
 Male 82 (62.6) 49 (37.4)   
 Female 49 (37.4) 82 (62.6)   
Level of education
 Primary school or less 64 (48.9) 67 (51.1)   
 High school 49 (37.4) 49 (37.4)   
 University or above 18 (13.7) 15 (11.5)   
Working status
 Working 75 (57.3) 69 (52.7)   
 Not working 56 (42.7) 62 (47.3)   
The average time since diagnosis/the duration in their role as a SC 13.7±23.0 months (ranging from 1 to 192 months) <6 months: 67 (51.2)  
6 months ~2 years: 43 (32.8)  
>2 years ~5 years: 13 (9.9)  
>5 years: 8 (6.1)  
Couples were informed about the diseaseb
 Partly informed 33 (25.2) 24 (18.3)
 Well informed 98 (74.8) 107 (81.7)
Time spent by SC in caring for patients/day [in hours, n (%)]   <2 hours: 10 (7.6)  
2~4 hours: 14 (10.7)  
>4~6 hours: 25 (19.1)  
>6~8 hours: 21 (16.0)  
>8 hours: 61 (46.6)  
Types of cancera Digestive system cancer: 72 (55.0); Lung cancer: 35 (26.7);
  Urogenital system cancer: 19 (14.5); Others: 5 (3.8)
Dyad Characteristicsc     
Duration of marriage (mean± SD), years 30.8±11.6 (ranging from 1–52)
Relationship with their partner before the diagnosis of the cancer Very good
Bad
115 (87.8)
0
Normal 16 (12.2)
Change in the relationship with their partner after the diagnosis of the cancer Improved
Getting worse
38 (29.0)
0
No change 93 (71.0)
Financial burden on the family due to the treatment of cancer Serious 77 (58.8) Normal 49 (37.4)
  Mild or None 5 (3.8)   
  1. SD standard deviation
  2. aAll of the patients had advanced cancer, were in stage III (n = 56, 42.7 %) or stage IV (n = 75, 57.3 %); and were receiving chemotherapy
  3. bWell informed: The patient fully understood his/her condition; or the SC was well informed about his/her spouse’s disease; Partly informed: The patient was informed about the diagnosis of cancer, but not about the severity of his/her condition; or the SC were partly informed about his/her spouse’s disease
  4. cThe data for the dyad characteristics were reported by the patients