Skip to main content

Table 2 Patients’ perceptions of care received and subjective importance within settings, by dimensions, factors, and single items

From: Patients’ perceptions of palliative care quality in hospice inpatient care, hospice day care, palliative units in nursing homes, and home care: a cross-sectional study

  Hospice (n = 72) Hospice day care (n = 51) Palliative units in nursing homes (n = 30) Home care (n = 38)
Dimension/factor/single item Perceived reality (PR) Subjective importance (SI)   Perceived reality (PR) Subjective importance (SI)   Perceived reality (PR) Subjective importance (SI)   Perceived reality (PR) Subjective importance (SI)  
Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P Mean (SD) Mean (SD) P
Medical–technical competence 3.21(0.64) 3.20(0.61) 0.840 3.05(0.65) 3.15(0.69) 0.255 3.05(0.74) 3.27 (0.55) 0.072 2.73 (0.75) 3.08(0.59) 0.022
 Symptom relief 3.24(0.69) 3.25(0.61) 0.927 3.07(0.68) 3.15(0.72) 0.325 3.21(0.71) 3.39 (0.48) 0.151 2.83 (0.80) 3.20(0.60) 0.011
 Exhaustion 3.14(0.81) 3.08(0.78) 0.466 2.93(0.80) 3.11(0.79) 0.226 2.74(1.13) 2.98 (0.94) 0.206 2.38 (1.01) 2.78(0.92) 0.103
 Medical care (single item) 3.78(0.51) 3.77(0.52) 0.810 3.61(0.61) 3.82(0.49) 0.011 3.43(0.97) 3.63 (0.57) 0.161 3.24 (0.85) 3.71(0.57) 0.001
 Personal hygiene (single item) 3.57(0.62) 3.47(0.70) 0.224 3.28(0.90) 3.44(0.57) 0.454 3.63(0.69) 3.56 (0.64) 0.425 3.35 (0.71) 3.48(0.59) 0.377
Physical–technical condition 3.57(0.49) 3.42(0.61) 0.046 3.43(0.70) 3.53(0.46) 0.284 3.57(0.55) 3.61 (0.49) 0.673 3.40 (0.63) 3.47(0.59) 0.566
 Access to help, food, and equipment 3.57(0.49) 3.42(0.61) 0.046 3.43(0.70) 3.53(0.46) 0.284 3.57(0.55) 3.61 (0.49) 0.673 3.40 (0.63) 3.47(0.59) 0.566
Identity-oriented approach 3.51(0.45) 3.52(0.50) 0.815 3.45(0.41) 3.60(0.37) 0.009 3.09(0.52) 3.37 (0.44) 0.006 3.12 (0.54) 3.43(0.52) <0.001
 Information 3.45(0.54) 3.46(0.54) 0.802 3.11(0.67) 3.46(0.51) <0.001 2.60(0.75) 3.12 (0.63) <0.001 2.81 (0.74) 3.32(0.63) <0.001
 Honesty 3.69(0.51) 3.77(0.39) 0.102 3.77(0.41) 3.70(0.49) 0.406 3.83(0.35) 3.68 (0.46) 0.097 3.75 (0.46) 3.59(0.43) 0.116
 Respect and empathy 3.70(0.42) 3.59(0.57) 0.019 3.79(0.30) 3.78(0.37) 0.710 3.53(0.46) 3.65 (0.50) 0.319 3.51 (0.42) 3.63(0.48) 0.043
 Participation 3.20(0.76) 3.46(0.65) 0.001 3.30(0.69) 3.41(0.64) 0.214 2.83(1.05) 2.97 (0.93) 0.461 2.89 (0.86) 3.18(0.83) 0.080
Sociocultural atmosphere 3.49(0.43) 3.37(0.55) 0.018 3.40(0.47) 3.47(0.38) 0.255 3.29(0.52) 3.33 (0.53) 0.675 3.02 (0.62) 3.41(0.51) <0.001
 Meaningfulness 3.53(0.67) 3.37(0.82) 0.032 3.58(0.53) 3.54(0.61) 0.559 3.53(0.69) 3.53 (0.77) 1.000 3.11 (0.78) 3.61(0.53) <0.001
 Spiritual and existential 3.15(0.90) 3.02(0.91) 0.144 3.20(0.79) 3.12(0.96) 0.527 2.46(1.16) 2.51 (1.27) 0.814 2.68 (0.86) 3.09(1.20) 0.063
 Relatives and friends 3.65(0.42) 3.52(0.57) 0.045 3.51(0.68) 3.68(0.47) 0.086 3.68(0.48) 3.68 (0.49) 1.000 3.45 (0.61) 3.65(0.41) 0.170
 Continuity 3.40(0.54) 3.35(0.64) 0.487 3.25(0.73) 3.33(0.68) 0.456 2.93(0.65) 3.08 (0.59) 0.345 2.74 (0.82) 3.21(0.72) 0.012
 Planning and cooperation 3.61(0.46) 3.58(0.53) 0.616 3.47(0.60) 3.67(0.42) 0.013 3.45(0.69) 3.44 (0.69) 0.939 3.16 (0.84) 3.51(0.64) 0.005
 Pleasant and safe atmosphere (single item) 3.81(0.43) 3.75(0.48) 0.289 4.00(0.00) 3.82(0.39) 0.012 3.96(0.20) 3.85 (0.37) 0.083
  1. P values refer to differences in paired-samples t-tests. Statistical significance was assumed at the P <0.025 level