Skip to main content

Table 1 Baseline characteristics and comorbidities

From: Degree of dyspnoea at admission and discharge in patients with heart failure and respiratory diseases

  Total
N=258
Heart Failure
N=190
Respiratory Disease
N=68
p
Age, years 74.0±1.2 73.5±1.4 75.1±1.9 0.53
Male Sex 157 (60.9) 104 (54.7) 53 (78.0) 0.0001
Previous history of heart disease 170 (65.9) 149 (78.4) 21 (30.8) 0.0001
Sinus Rhythm 138 (53.5) 78 (41.1) 60 (88.2) 0.001
Ischemic Heart Disease 106 (41.1) 91 (47.9) 15 (22.1) 0.001
Valvular Heart Disease 87 (33.7) 73 (38.4) 14 (20.6) 0.02
Left ventricular ejection fraction <45% 102 (39.5) 99 (52.1) 3 (4.4) 0.0001
Unknown left ventricular ejection fraction 18 (7.0) 0 18 (26.4) 0.0001
Known Right ventricle dysfunction 62 (24.0) 59 (31.1) 3 (4.4) 0.001
Known Pulmonary Hypertension 104 (40.3) 82 (43.2) 12 (17.6) 0.001
Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome 30 (11.6) 17 (8.9) 13 (19.1) 0.03
Peripheral Arterial Disease 31 (12.0) 24 (12.6) 7 (10.3) 0.67
Stroke 16 (6.2) 15 (7.9) 1 (1.5%) 0.03
Cognitive impairment 8 (3.1) 5 (2.6) 3 (4.4%) 0.48
Previous hospital admissions 0.0001
 Heart Failure 102 (39.5) 101 (53.2) 1 (1.5)
 COPD or Pulmonary Fibrosis 49 (19.0) 1 (0.5) 48 (70.6)
Domiciliary oxygen 32 (12.4) 5 (2.6) 27 (39.7) 0.0001
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure at home 24 (9.3) 13 (6.8) 11 (16.2) 0.03
Length of stay 8.7±0.5 9.3±0.6 7.3±0.4 0.06
Living alone 64 (24.8) 46 (24.2) 18 (26.5) 0.87
Lives with family 190 (73.6) 142 (74.7) 48 (70.6)
Living in residency 3 (1.2) 2 (1.1) 1 (1.5)
  1. Data are shown as number of patients and percentages (mean±standard deviation for age). Categorical variables are contrasted using the χ2 test and Fisher’s exact test and comparison for age is made using the t test
\