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Table 3 Univariate analysis of severe dyspnoea-related factors at hospital discharge

From: Degree of dyspnoea at admission and discharge in patients with heart failure and respiratory diseases

  Dyspnoea <5 points
N=199
Dyspnoea ≥5 points
N=59
p
Age >70 years 44 (22.1) 18 (30.5) 0.221
Female Sex 86 (43.2) 15 (25.4) 0.009
Respiratory Disease 44 (22.1) 23 (39.0) 0.017
History of heart disease 129 (64.8) 40 (67.8) 0.876
Sinus rhythm 103 (51.8) 34 (57.6) 0.552
Preserved ejection fraction 86 (43.2) 17 (28.8) 0.08
Severe COPD 26 (13.1) 16 (27.1) 0.016
Previous admission for exacerbation 103 (51.8) 47 (79.7) <0.0001
Domiciliary oxygen therapy 17 (8.5) 16 (27.1) 0.001
Admission in the intensive care unit 56 (28.1) 14 (23.7) 0.21
Non-invasive mechanical ventilation 33 (16.6) 14 (23.7) 0.38
Opioid treatment 32 (16.1) 20 (33.9) 0.003
Mobility problems 100 (50.3) 47 (79.7) <0.0001
Depression 73 (36.7) 41 (70.5) <0.0001
  1. COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
  2. Data are shown as number of patients and percentages. All variables are contrasted using the χ2 test and Fisher’s exact test
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