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Table 2 Frequency of symptoms in past week prior to starting ART and frequency, distress and prevalence of new symptoms after starting ART for 97 study participants

From: The impact of antiretroviral therapy on symptom burden among HIV outpatients with low CD4 count in rural Uganda: nested longitudinal cohort study

Symptom Burden of symptoms prior to starting ART [n (%)] Burden of symptoms after starting ART [n (%)] Prevalence of high distress in participants with symptom after starting ART [n [%)]
Pain 77 (79%) 58 (60%) 34 (25%)
Itching 69 (69%) 55 (57%) 30(31%)
Changes in skin 49 (51%) 51 (53%) 26 (27%)
Numbness/tingling in the hands/feet 52 (54%) 50 (52%) 21 (22%)
Hunger 47 (43%) 47 (43%) 33 (34%)
Cough 44 (45%) 45 (46%) 14(14%)
Worrying 58 (60%) 44 (45%) 20(21%)
Lack of energy 51 (52%) 42 (43%) 17(18%)
Problems with sexual interest/activity 37 (33%) 41 (42%) 35 (36%)
Feeling drowsy/tired 53 (55%) 40 (41%) 11 (11%)
Weight loss 65 (67%) 30 (31%) 11 (11%)
Lack of appetite 45 (46%) 27 (23%) 16(16%)
Sores or lumps on private parts 22 (29%) 27 (23%) 11 (11%)
Dizziness 38 (39%) 26(27%) 12(12%)
Changes in the way food tastes 30 (31%) 24 (25%) 9 (9%)
Feeling sad 50 (52%) 24 (25%) 20(21%)
Difficulty sleeping 34 (35%) 22 (23%) 12(12%)
Dry mouth 32 (33%) 20 (21%) 5 (5%)
Nausea 20 (21%) 20 (21%) 8 (8%)
Difficulty walking 35 (36%) 19 (20%) 7(7%)
I do not like myself 28 (29%) 18 (19%) 13(13%)
Muscle aches 27 (28%) 18 (19%) 9 (9%)
Difficulty seeing well - poor vision 18 (19%) 17 (18%) 6 (6%)
Constipation 16 (16%) 15 (15%) 7(7%)
Problems urinating 18 (19%) 14 (14%) 5 (5%)
Sweats 29 (30%) 14 (14%) 4 (4%)
Diarrhea 16 (16%) 13 (13%) 7(7%)
Feeling bloated 17 (18%) 13 (13%) 4 (4%)
Difficulty swallowing I5 (16%) 12 (12%) 11 (11%)
Feeling irritable 26 (27%) 11(11%) 2 (2%)
Difficulty concentrating 7 (7%) 10 (10%) 3 (3%)
Difficulty moving 14 (14%) 10 (10%) 2 (2%)
Shortness of breath 16 (17%) 10 (10%) 4 (4%)
Bad smell/odour from body 8(8%) 8(8%) 2 (2%)
Feeling nervous 27 (28%) 8(8%) 4 (4%)
Difficulty hearing well - poor hearing 6 (6%) 7(7%) 2 (2%)
Hair loss 11 (11%) 7(7%) 3 (3%)
Swelling of arms or legs 9 (9%) 7(7%) 3 (3%)
Discharge from private parts 15 (16%) 6(6%) 4 (4%)
Vomiting 8 (8%) 5(5%) 1 (1%)
Mouth sores 19 (20%) 3(3%) 3 (3%)
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