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Table 1 Sample description: care recipients and family members

From: Bereaved family members’ perceptions of the quality of end-of-life care across four types of inpatient care settings

  Total (n = 388) ECU (n = 63) ICU (n = 30) MCU (n = 140) PCU (n = 155) p
Care recipients
 Age (years)/Mean(SD) (n = 384) 78.4 (14.0) 84.7b,d (14.1) 64.5a,c,d (10.9) 79.3b (13.9) 77.5a,b (12.6) .000
 Female (%) (n = 381) 54.3 67.2b 33.3a,c,d 54.8b 52.9b .023
 Cancer (%) (n = 388) 38.4 7.9c,d 3.3c,d 21.4a,b,d 72.9a,b,c .000
 Days on unit (%) (n = 379)       .000
  Q1: <= 5 26.9 0.0b,c,d 58.6a,c,d 29.2a,b 29.8a,b  
  Q2: 5 to <= 11 23.5 1.6b,c,d 24.1a 24.8a 31.1a  
  Q3: 11 to <= 34 25.1 6.5c,d 13.8c 35.0a,b 25.9a  
  Q4: >34 24.5 92.0b,c,d 3.4a 10.9a 13.2a  
Family members
 Age (years)/Mean(SD) (n = 383) 61.2 (12.9) 63.6 (12.5) 59.6 (12.9) 60.5 (12.5) 61.3 (13.4) ns
 Female (%) (n = 385) 67.8 69.4 70.0 67.4 67.1 ns
 Married (%) (n = 385) 65.5 77.4b,d 53.3a 68.8 60.0a .035
 Caregiving for (%) (n = 383)       .000
  Spouse 35.8 21.3b,d 60.0a,c 28.5b,d 43.2a,c  
  Parent/in-law 49.6 65.6b,d 20.0a,c,d 53.3b 45.8a,b  
  Other 14.6 13.1 20.0 18.2 11.0  
 Working (%) (n = 381) 43.8 50.0 40.0 46.0 40.3 ns
 Cared for care recipient (%) (n = 385) 69.7 66.1b,d 34.5a,c,d 64.9b,d 81.8a,b,c .000
 Lived with care recipient (%) (n = 385) 46.5 37.1b,d 63.3a,c 39.1b,d 53.5a,c .008
Psychological variables
 Optimism possible range of 0 to 4: Mean(SD) (n = 375) 2.79 (0.64) 2.78 (0.61) 2.86 (0.71) 2.87 (0.62) 2.70 (0.64) ns
 Resilience possible range of 1 to 7: Mean(SD) (n = 379) 5.73 (0.74) 5.75 (0.69) 5.70 (0.66) 5.81 (0.61) 5.66 (0.85) ns
 Grief possible range of 1 to 6: Mean(SD) (n = 369) 4.64 (1.15) 4.86a (1.08) 4.03a,c (1.26) 4.90b,d (1.03) 4.43c (1.19) .000
  1. Note. Analyses based on non-imputed data. asignificant difference with ECU. bsignificant difference with ICU. csignificant difference with MCU. dsignificant difference with PCU. P-value is based on ANOVA for continuous variables and a chi-square test for categorical variables. ns not significant. Q quartile. SD standard deviation