Care recipients

Age (years)/Mean(SD) (n = 384)

78.4 (14.0)

84.7^{b,d} (14.1)

64.5^{a,c,d} (10.9)

79.3^{b} (13.9)

77.5^{a,b} (12.6)

.000

Female (%) (n = 381)

54.3

67.2^{b}

33.3^{a,c,d}

54.8^{b}

52.9^{b}

.023

Cancer (%) (n = 388)

38.4

7.9^{c,d}

3.3^{c,d}

21.4^{a,b,d}

72.9^{a,b,c}

.000

Days on unit (%) (n = 379)
     
.000

Q1: <= 5

26.9

0.0^{b,c,d}

58.6^{a,c,d}

29.2^{a,b}

29.8^{a,b}
 
Q2: 5 to <= 11

23.5

1.6^{b,c,d}

24.1^{a}

24.8^{a}

31.1^{a}
 
Q3: 11 to <= 34

25.1

6.5^{c,d}

13.8^{c}

35.0^{a,b}

25.9^{a}
 
Q4: >34

24.5

92.0^{b,c,d}

3.4^{a}

10.9^{a}

13.2^{a}
 
Family members

Age (years)/Mean(SD) (n = 383)

61.2 (12.9)

63.6 (12.5)

59.6 (12.9)

60.5 (12.5)

61.3 (13.4)

ns

Female (%) (n = 385)

67.8

69.4

70.0

67.4

67.1

ns

Married (%) (n = 385)

65.5

77.4^{b,d}

53.3^{a}

68.8

60.0^{a}

.035

Caregiving for (%) (n = 383)
     
.000

Spouse

35.8

21.3^{b,d}

60.0^{a,c}

28.5^{b,d}

43.2^{a,c}
 
Parent/inlaw

49.6

65.6^{b,d}

20.0^{a,c,d}

53.3^{b}

45.8^{a,b}
 
Other

14.6

13.1

20.0

18.2

11.0
 
Working (%) (n = 381)

43.8

50.0

40.0

46.0

40.3

ns

Cared for care recipient (%) (n = 385)

69.7

66.1^{b,d}

34.5^{a,c,d}

64.9^{b,d}

81.8^{a,b,c}

.000

Lived with care recipient (%) (n = 385)

46.5

37.1^{b,d}

63.3^{a,c}

39.1^{b,d}

53.5^{a,c}

.008

Psychological variables

Optimism possible range of 0 to 4: Mean(SD) (n = 375)

2.79 (0.64)

2.78 (0.61)

2.86 (0.71)

2.87 (0.62)

2.70 (0.64)

ns

Resilience possible range of 1 to 7: Mean(SD) (n = 379)

5.73 (0.74)

5.75 (0.69)

5.70 (0.66)

5.81 (0.61)

5.66 (0.85)

ns

Grief possible range of 1 to 6: Mean(SD) (n = 369)

4.64 (1.15)

4.86^{a} (1.08)

4.03^{a,c} (1.26)

4.90^{b,d} (1.03)

4.43^{c} (1.19)

.000
