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Table 2 CANHELP scale and subscale means (SD) by setting adjusted for covariates

From: Bereaved family members’ perceptions of the quality of end-of-life care across four types of inpatient care settings

  ECU (n = 63) ICU (n = 30) MCU (n = 140) PCU (n = 155) Overall test F (3371), p
CANHELP (total) 3.92(1.50)c 4.12(2.30)c 3.68(0.98)a,b,d 4.01(1.04)c 8.30, .000
Doctor and nurse care 3.87(1.97) 4.07(3.03)c 3.63(1.38)b,d 4.01(1.38)c 6.01, .000
Illness management 3.98(1.85)c 4.26(2.82)c,d 3.64(1.20)a,b,d 3.94 (1.28)b,c 8.39, .000
Health services 3.97(1.99)c 4.17(3.43)c 3.70(1.38)a,b,d 4.09(1.38)c 6.89, .001
Communication 3.96(1.93)b 4.36(2.95)a,c 3.74(1.26)b,d 4.17(1.34)c 9.76, .000
Relationships 3.83(1.60) 3.94(2.48) 3.80(1.08) 3.88(1.12) 2.64, .055
Spirituality and meaning 3.81(2.36) 3.46(3.68) 3.54(1.56) 3.81(1.63) 2.64, .059
  1. Note. ANCOVA results for each CANHELP scale based on averages across 20 imputations. All means are adjusted for patient characteristics (age, gender, diagnosis (cancer vs. not cancer)), caregiver characteristics (age, gender, employment status, relationship to patient, provided care, lived with care recipient), and psychological variables of family members (optimism, resilience, grief).astatistically significant difference (p < .05) with ECU. bstatistically significant difference with ICU. cstatistically significant difference with MCU. dstatistically significant difference with PCU