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Table 3 Qualitative studies

From: Patient’s and health care provider’s perspectives on music therapy in palliative care – an integrative review

Author Design Participants Intervention Results: Participant’s experiences categorized in themes
Clements-Cortes, [34](Canada) Cross-case analysis; Thematic analysis 4 individuals 63–91 years Inpatient Patient- centered Individualized MT (24–35 sessions), 14–20 weeks (1) love, (2) loss, (3) gratitude, (4) growth/transformation, (5) courage/strength, and (6) good-bye.
O’Callaghan, [25] (Australia) Grounded Theory; thematic analysis with ATLAS.ti 128 individuals 16–101 years Inpatient At least one patient centered MTs in individual and group setting. MT can elicit (1) varied affective responses, (2) shifts in physical awareness, (3) rediscovered or new self-awareness. Music can be associated with (4) experiencing altered or improved awareness, (5) increased well-being, (6) human relationships, (7) or does “nothing” to some.
Teut, M. et al., [26] (Germany) Grounded Theory; thematic analysis with MAXQDA 8 individuals 51–82 years Inpatient Up to 5 individual MT sessions weekly. Focus on somatic listening applying a Body Tambura. (1) Relaxing and calming effects, (2) sensations that the body feels lighter, and (3) the provocation of peaceful images or visualizations.
  1. MT Music therapy