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Table 4 Outcome quantitative studies

From: Patient’s and health care provider’s perspectives on music therapy in palliative care – an integrative review

Outcome Effect Study
Well being (VAS) Effect Domingo et al. [19]
Emotional distress (HADS) Effect Domingo et al. [19]
Pain and asthensia (sub scale) No differances between groups Domingo et al. [19]
Acute Pain (SR-VAR) No differances between groups Warth et al. [3]
Well-being (VAS-SR) Effect Warth et al. [3]
Relaxation, ((VAS) SR) Effect Warth et al. [3]
Heart rate variability Effect Warth et al. [3]
Health related quality of life (QLQ-C15-PAL) No difference between groups Warth et al. [3]
QoL – Fatigue (QLQ-C15-PAL) Effect Warth et al. [3]
The FLACC Scale (pain observation) No differences between groups Gutgsell et al. [21]
Numeric rating scale pain (SR) Effect Gutgsell et al. [21]
The Functional Pain Scale (SR interview) Effect Gutgsell et al. [21]
Present Pain Intensity No differences between groups Clements-Cortes [34]
McGill Pain questionnaire No differences between groups Clements-Cortes [34]
Physical comfort (VAS SR) No differences between groups Clements-Cortes [34]
Pain perception (VAS- SR) No differences between groups Clements-Cortes [34]
S-cotisol level Effect Nakayama et al. [20]
The Mood Inventory Scale -Fatigue No effect Nakayama et al. [20]
The Mood Inventory Scale -refreshment (SR) Effect Nakayama et al. [20]
The Mood Inventory Scale -anxiety/ depression Effect Nakayama et al. [20]
ESAS Anxiety (SR) Effect Horne-Thompson & Grocke [22]
Pulse oximeter for heartrate No differences between groups Horne-Thompson & Grocke [22]
ESAS Tiredness, drowsiness, pain (SR) Effect Horne-Thompson& Grocke [22]
ESAS Nausea, depression, appetite, well-being, Shortness of breath No differences between groups Horne-Thompson & Grocke [22]
Shortness of breath (VAS) Effect Gallagher et al. [23]
Mood, depression, anxiety, (VAS-SR) Effect Gallagher et al. [23]
Pain (VAS) Effect Gallagher et al., [23]
Facial, movement and verbal (by therapist) Effect Gallagher et al. [23]
Length of life No differences between groups Hilliard [24]
Hospice QoL -functional well-being (SR) No differences between groups Hilliard [24]
Hospice QoL –psychophysiological well-being Effect Hilliard [24]
Hospice QoL -social/spiritual No differences between groups Hilliard [24]
Palliative Performance Scale (spl R) No differences between groups Hilliard [24]
Pain control (observed SR) Effect Krout [39]
Relaxation (observed SR) Effect Krout [39]
Physical comfort (observed SR) Effect Krout [39]