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Table 5 Five most often recorded triggers to emergency department presentations (EDP)

From: Health service utilisation during the last year of life: a prospective, longitudinal study of the pathways of patients with chronic kidney disease stages 3-5

Triggersa N = 19 All # EDP (% All EDP) n = 9 Conservative # EDP (% Group’s EDP) n = 10 Dialysis # EDP (% Group’s EDP)
Respiratory distress 13 (30) 3 (23) 10 (32)
Pain (other than chest) 8 (18) 5 (38) 3 (10)
Chest pain 6 (14) 1 (8) 5 (16)
Hypotension 6 (14) 1 (8) 5 (16)
Falls 5 (11) 4 (31) 0 (0)
  1. EDP Emergency Department Presentation/s
  2. aThese triggers are not mutually exclusive, i.e., the patient may have presented with more than one trigger