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Table 2 Interviews by healthcare system and respondent role

From: Whose job? The staffing of advance care planning support in twelve international healthcare organizations: a qualitative interview study

  Gundersen Dartmouth-Hitchcock Wisconsin Medical Sharp NARP Fraser Austin Northern Barwon Albany Canterbury Auckland TOTAL
Senior managers/leaders 4 1 2 2 0 1 1 0 2 0 2 2 17
Dedicated ACP staff 2 3 3 3 0 1 4 1 3 0 3 1 27
Physicians 2 2 1 2 1 2 3 2 2 4 3 0 21
Nurses 3 2 5 1 8 6 0 0 1 3 5 3 37
Social workers 4 0 5 2 2 1 0 0 1 0 1 1 17
Other 10 6 1 2 1 5 4 0 2 2 3 2 38
TOTAL 25 14 17 12 12 16 12 3 12 9 16 9 157
Individual 19 1 7 12 12 16 12 1 6 9 10 7 112
Group 3 5 3 0 0 0 0 1 2 0 3 1 18
  1. Respondents sometimes filled more than one role. In these cases, we selected the primary role. For example, physicians with a full time clinical position are categorized as physicians even if they are an ACP lead or hold other leadership roles
  2. The category of physicians includes hospital physicians (including palliative care physicians, geriatricians and other specialists) and general practitioners
  3. Dedicated ACP staff are those whose positions are exclusively or predominantly ACP-related
  4. Other includes spiritual care advisors, volunteers, care home staff, speech therapists and occupational therapists