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Table 2 Association between place of death and specific comorbidities in persons aged 65 or over with dementia

From: Place of death in patients with dementia and the association with comorbidities: a retrospective population-based observational study in Germany

  Hospital (1) vs. home (0) Retirement or nursing home (1) vs. home (0) Hospital (1) vs. retirement or nursing home (0)
OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value OR (95% CI) p value
Women (1) vs. men (0) 0.80 (0.58–1.11) 0.186 1.55 (1.16–2.08)* 0.003 0.50 (0.38–0.66)* 0.001
Age (median), ≥ 86.7 y (1) vs. <  86.7 y (0) 0.78 (0.57–1.08) 0.133 1.59 (1.21–2.08)* 0.001 0.50 (0.38–0.64)* 0.001
Pneumonia, yes (1) vs. no (0) 2.96 (2.01–4.35)* 0.001 1.25 (0.85–1.84) 0.249 2.38 (1.75–3.25)* 0.001
Aspiration, yes (1) vs. no (0) 1.26 (0.76–2.09) 0.380 0.66 (0.39–1.12) 0.126 1.68 (1.09–2.59) 0.018
Sepsis, yes (1) vs. no (0) 13.73 (4.88–38.63)* 0.001 1.71 (0.57–5.16) 0.338 7.34 (4.21–12.78)* 0.001
Cardiac failure, yes (1) vs. no (0) 1.29 (0.94–1.78) 0.113 0.82 (0.62–1.07) 0.145 1.51 (1.16–1.97) 0.012
Myocardial infarction, yes (1) vs. no (0) 2.19 (1.13–4.23) 0.019 0.86 (0.45–1.66) 0.661 2.52 (1.45–4.36)* 0.001
ICB /cerebral stroke, yes (1) vs. no (0) 1.01 (0.63–1.60) 0.984 1.10 (0.75–1.61) 0.642 0.87 (0.60–1.28) 0.471
Malignant tumour, yes (1) vs. no (0) 1.19 (0.75–1.87) 0.450 1.03 (0.69–1.53) 0.888 1.26 (0.87–1.83) 0.230
COPD, yes (1) vs. no (0) 1.28 (0.69–2.37) 0.439 0.98 (0.55–1.75) 0.957 1.42 (0.85–2.36) 0.182
Renal failure, yes (1) vs. no (0) 1.93 (1.26–2.97)* 0.003 1.15 (0.78–1.70) 0.483 1.65 (1.18–2.32)* 0.003
Parkinson’s disease, yes (1) vs. no (0) 1.39 (0.82–2.35) 0.227 1.20 (0.75–1.94) 0.449 1.12 (0.74–1.70) 0.577
Nagelkerke R2 (goodness of fit) 0.179 0.040 0.221
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence intervals, COPD chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, ICB intracerebral bleeding
  2. *P < 0.01