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Table 4 Comparisons of the outcomes over two periods of time

From: Quality of life in men with metastatic prostate cancer in their final years before death – a retrospective analysis of prospective data

Variable Mean (SD) before 2006 (n = 91) Mean (SD) during/after 2006 (n = 99) P-value*
Global health/QoL 60.6 (25.3) 51.9 (27.5) 0.030
Social functioning 72.7 (26.2) 61.6 (31.0) 0.009
Emotional functioning 77.5 (21.2) 68.4 (24.4) 0.009
Cognitive functioning 81.7 (19.9) 75.5 (25.0) 0.074
Physical functioning 77.2 (29.0) 68.6 (27.7) 0.047
Role functioning 66.7 (33.1) 55.7 (37.5) 0.048
Fatigue 34.3 (27.6) 44.0 (29.5) 0.029
Pain 26.1 (30.2) 37.2 (33.0) 0.022
Nausea/vomiting 10.0 (18.2) 11.2 (16.5) 0.681
Dyspnoea 30.4 (29.5) 34.0 (29.7) 0.451
Insomnia 21.7 (26.8) 32.6 (29.7) 0.010
Constipation 15.4 (26.0) 20.1 (31.1) 0.300
Appetite loss 14.5 (25.8) 21.1 (28.5) 0.117
Diarrhoea 13.9 (23.9) 16.2 (24.6) 0.492
Urinary problems 2.4 (3.0) 3.2 (3.2) 0.081
Faeces problems 2.6 (2.6) 2.8 (2.9) 0.510
Sexual problems 7.1 (4.1) 6.6 (4.3) 0.308
  1. *T-tests