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Table 1 Background characteristics of care staff at mental health facilities, nursing homes and care homesa

From: Are care staff equipped for end-of-life communication? A cross-sectional study in long-term care facilities to identify determinants of self-efficacy

  Mental health facility Nursing home Care home p-value
N = 137 N = 178 N = 262  
% % %  
Gender
 Male 25.5 7.9 4.2 < 0.001
 Female 74.5 92.1 95.8  
Age
 17–35 years 24.1 26.4 30.9 0.170
 36–50 years 32.1 40.5 35.5  
  > 50 years 43.8 33.1 33.6  
Level of educationb
 Low 1.5 44.9 47.7 < 0.001
 Intermediate 34.5 50.0 46.5  
 High 64.0 5.1 5.8  
Palliative care trainingc
 No 54.7 36.7 45.2 0.006
 Yes 45.3 63.3 54.8  
Years working in direct patient care
  ≤ 10 years 31.4 33.1 34.0 0.873
  > 10 years 68.6 66.9 66.0  
Hours per week working in this facility
  < 32 h 32.8 67.4 67.6 < 0.001
  ≥ 32 h 67.2 32.6 32.4  
  1. aMissing values varied between settings: mental health facilities: 1 missing observation (< 1%), nursing home: 1 missing observation (< 1%), care homes: 1–4 missing observations (< 2%). Χ [2]-test to test inter-group differences
  2. bOf the care workers in mental health facilities, 18 were (also) trained in social care (1 in the Intermediate and 17 in the High group)
  3. cPalliative care training: part of pre-registration nurse training and/or additional education after pre-registration nurse training