Skip to main content

Table 2 Characteristics of the care receiver and bivariate associations with care-network type

From: Who provides care in the last year of life? A description of care networks of community-dwelling older adults in the Netherlands

  Total sample Partner network 1 (n = 28) Mixed network 2 (n = 37) Privately paid network 3 (n = 22) Professional network 4 (n = 59) Statistic (χ2/F) p-value Post-hoc comparison of means/Pairwise comparison
Characteristic M (SD)        
Gender (% female) 47.9 21.4 62.2 45.5 52.5 11.4 .010  
Age (55–95) 81.3 (9.2) 76.6 (9.5) 83.0 (8.9) 79.8 (9.3) 83.2 (8.6) 4.0 .009 1 < 2,4
Educational level (%)       16.8 .010  
 Low 57.5 50 70.3 27.3 64.4    
 Middle 27.4 25 24.3 54.5 20.3    
 High 15.1 25 5.4 18.2 15.3    
Partner (%) 45.4 100 13.5 45.5 39 49.9 .000  
Nature of health problems
Chronic diseases (0–5) 1.2 (1.2) 1.4 (1) 1 (1) 1.1 (1) 1.3 (0.2) 0.6 .625  
 CNSLD (%) 23.3 14.3 18.9 27.3 28.8 2.9 .412  
 Heart disease (%) 31.5 32.1 27 40.9 30.5 1.3 .734  
 Diabetes (%) 14.4 21.4 13.5 9.1 13.6 1.7 .640  
 Stroke (%) 16.4 21.4 18.9 4.5 16.9 3 .399  
 Cancer (%) 36.3 46.4 24.3 31.8 40.7 4.2 .239  
Functional limitations (0–6) 3.9 (2) 3.3 (2.1) 4.4 (1.9) 3 (1.9) 4.1 (1.9) 11.3 .010 2 > 3
Cognitive functioning (1–16) 13.8 (2.7) 13.3 (2.5) 13.6 (3) 14.7 (1.5) 13.3 (3) 6.8 .078  
  1. Notes: Standard deviations are given in parentheses. The reported p-values are raw p-values (without multiplicity correction)