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Table 3 Patient and care characteristics related to full consensus among all involved, according to care staff, univariable and multivariable analyses

From: Consensus on treatment for residents in long-term care facilities: perspectives from relatives and care staff in the PACE cross-sectional study in 6 European countries

  Full Consensus No full consensus
N = 937 (73%) N = 347 (27%) Univariable OR (95% CI) p-value Multivariable OR (95% CI) p-value
Country
 Finland (ref)^ 153 (59.5) 104 (40.5)     
 Belgium 168 (65.1) 90 (34.9) 1.22 (0.82–1.83) .332 1.14 (0.75–1.72) .538
 Italy 146 (76.8) 44 (23.2) 1.92 (1.13–3.28) .016 2.42 (1.41–4.15) .001
 The Netherlands 165 (77.5) 48 (22.5) 2.29 (1.50–3.50) <.001 2.21 (1.42–3.44) <.001
 Poland 237 (82.6) 50 (17.4) 3.07 (1.84–5.11) <.001 3.47 (2.06–5.84) <.001
 England 68 (86.1) 11 (13.9) 4.02 (2.03–7.96) <.001 3.68 (1.81–7.47) <.001
Patient characteristics
 Resident’s health in last week of lifea
   ≤ median (20) 516 (73.8) 183 (26.2)     
   > median (20) 392 (73.4) 142 (26.6) 0.94 (0.71–1.24) .657   
 Resident’s comfort in the last week of lifeb
   ≤ mean (30) 381 (69.0) 171 (31.0)     
   > mean (30) 515 (77.4) 150 (22.6) 1.49 (1.15–1.93) .002 1.57 (1.19–2.06) .001
 Dementia
  no 288 (76.6) 88 (23.4)     
  yes 641 (71.4) 257 (28.6) 0.78 (0.59–1.04) .091   
 Length of stay
   < 1 year 388 (74.6) 132 (25.4)     
   ≥ 1 year 504 (72.1) 195 (27.9) 0.98 (0.75–1.27) .862   
 Resident expressed preferences about treatment in the last phase of life
  no or don’t know 728 (73.0) 269 (27.0)     
  yes 199 (72.9) 74 (27.1) 1.06 (0.78–1.44) .715   
Care facility characteristics
 Organization of multidisciplinary meetings in facility
  no or don’t know 208 (72.7) 78 (27.3)     
  yes 696 (73.4) 252 (26.6) 1.10 (0.76–1.58) .611   
 No. care staff/10. occupied beds
   ≤ 5 461 (77.0) 138 (23.0)     
   > 5 423 (69.1) 189 (30.9) 0.67 (0.48–0.93) .016   
  1. ^Finland is the reference category because the proportions of full consensus were lowest in this country
  2. *Missing values: health = 51, comfort/symptom burden = 67, dementia = 10, length of stay = 65, resident expressed treatment preferences = 14, multidisciplinary meeting = 50, care staff/occupied beds = 73
  3. Bold printed OR and p-values are below the significance level of .05
  4. aHigher scores indicate better health
  5. bHigher scores indicate more comfort and less symptom burden
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