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Table 4 Results of the studies comparing residents with dementia and without dementia

From: Hospitalization at the end of life among nursing home residents with dementia: a systematic review

First author, Year Residents with dementia Residents without dementia
Mean age at death (% females, sample size) Hospitalization before death Mean age at death (% females, sample size) Hospitalization before death
Allers, 2018 [13] not reported 7 days: 36.8%
30 days: 51.3%
not reported 7 days: 37.8%
30 days: 51.6%
Cai, 2016 [35] CPS 3–4: 85.9 (70.1%,
n = 189,219)
CPS 5–6: 85.7 (76.3%, n = 104,748)
30 days:
CPS 3–6: 29.6%a
CPS 3–4: 32.5%a
CPS 5–6: 24.3%a
CPS 0–2: 84.0 (69.5%, n = 100,981) 30 days: 42.8%
Krishnan, 2015 [37] not reported (n = 58) In-hospital death: 0% not reported (n = 60) In-hospital death: 11.7%a
Li, 2013 [22] 87.4 (71.9%, n = 143,980) In-hospital death: 14.2% 85.2 (66.9%, n = 92,639) In-hospital death: 19.7%
Sloane, 2008 [15] not reported (n = 247) In-hospital death: 6.9%
30 days: 23.6%
not reported (n = 67) In-hospital death: 13.8%b
30 days: 34.3%
Temkin-Greener, 2013 [32] not reported (n = 384,355) In-hospital death: 14.4% not reported (n = 1,845,014) In-hospital death: 20.7%
  1. aCalculated from data given in the publication
  2. bCalculations presented here are taken from the original publication but were not reproducible