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Table 4 Test of significance results (chi square test for independence)

From: Dying in acute hospitals: voices of bereaved relatives

Question N P valuea Phi valueb
During last 2 days, overall level of support in following areas:
 How well pain was relieved 247 P = .000 .28
 Had enough help to meet personal care 295 P = .000 .48
 Had enough help with nursing care 308 P = .000 .55
 Had adequate privacy 313 P = .000 .40
During last admission
 Relief of pain 279 P = .000 .57
 Relief of other symptoms 280 P = .000 .68
 Provision of spiritual support 249 P = .000 .45
 Provision of emotional support 255 P = .000 .58
 Provision of support to stay where patient wanted 218 P = .000 .65
  1. a Not applicable or don’t know were not included in the analysis
  2. b Strength of association – with .21 indicating a medium effect and .35 a large effect