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Table 2 Comparison of the frequency and topics of ACP about patients being at risk of deteriorating and dying, and about patients with Palliative Performance Scale = 70 or less

From: Frequency of discussing and documenting advance care planning in primary care: secondary analysis of a multicenter cross-sectional observational study

 All patients (n = 382)Patients at risk of deteriorating and dyingc (n = 66)Patients not at risk of deteriorating and dyingd (n = 316)pPalliative performance scale = 70 or less (n = 80)Palliative performance scale = 80 or above (n = 302)p
n%n%n%n%n%
About future ADL decline
 Discussed with the patient6918.11928.85015.80.0131721.35217.20.416
 Discussed with the family287.31624.2123.8< 0.001a1923.893.0< 0.001
 Documented in medical records4612.01421.23210.10.0121215.03411.30.439
 Discussed with the patient and documented in medical records307.969.1247.60.68122.5289.30.059
 Discussed with the family and documented in medical records10.311.500.00.173a11.300.00.209a
 Discussed with the patient and family and documented in medical records153.9710.682.50.007a911.362.00.001a
About future inability to eat
 Discussed with the patient389.91015.2288.90.12067.53210.60.086
 Discussed with the family143.7710.672.20.004a78.872.30.013a
 Documented in medical records246.357.6196.00.583a22.5227.30.130
 Discussed with the patient and documented in medical records174.534.5144.41.000a00.0175.60.29a
 Discussed with the family and documented in medical records00.000.000.0n.a00.000.0n.a
 Discussed with the patient and family and documented in medical records71.823.051.60.348a22.551.70.640a
About surrogate decision makers
 Discussed with the patient328.41116.7216.60.0081215.0206.60.023
 Discussed with the family215.51218.292.8< 0.001a1518.862.0< 0.001a
 Documented in medical records246.3710.6175.40.157a911.3155.00.065
 Discussed with the patient and documented in medical records102.600.0103.20.222a00.0103.30.130a
 Discussed with the family and documented in medical records00.000.000.0n.a00.000.0n.a
 Discussed with the patient and family and documented in medical records143.7710.672.20.004a911.351.7< 0.001a
About any one ACP topicb
 Discussed with the patient7920.72639.45316.8< 0.0012430.05518.20.029
 Discussed with the family369.42233.3144.4< 0.0012632.5103.3< 0.001
 Documented in medical records5614.72030.33611.4< 0.0011923.83712.30.013
 Discussed with the patient and documented in medical records348.969.1288.91.00022.53210.60.025
 Discussed with the family and documented in medical records10.311.500.0< 0.173a11.300.00.209a
Discussed with the patient and family and documented in medical records236.01319.7103.2< 0.0011620.072.3< 0.001a
  1. aFisher’s exact test
  2. bACP topics were; future ADL declines, future inability to eat, and surrogate decision makers
  3. cWith two or more general indicators or one or more clinical indicators by the SPICT-JP
  4. dWithout two or more general indicators or one or more clinical indicators by the SPICT-JP