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Table 4 Symptomology self-reported in RAI-HCa by pain severity in the last 30 days of life

From: Severe pain at the end of life: a population-level observational study

 Severe Daily PainAll
NoYes
N%N%N
Shortness of Breath
 No902984.6164315.410,672
 Yes781580.8186219.29677
Loss of Appetite
 No11,20286.0182514.013,027
 Yes564277.1168022.97322
Vomiting
 No16,12683.5319716.519,323
 Yes71870.530129.51019
Constipation
 No16,27183.4324316.619,514
 Yes57368.626231.4835
Delusions
 No16,35982.8340017.219,759
 Yes48582.210517.8590
Hallucinations
 No15,92582.9328217.119,207
 Yes91980.522319.51142
Sad Moodb
 012,05285.9198114.114,033
 1269279.669120.43383
 2210071.683328.42933
Pressure Ulcerc
 013,82483.6271816.416,542
 1159581.735718.31952
 2106679.128220.91348
 325473.89026.2344
 410564.45835.6163
Edema
 No10,68984.6194315.412,632
 Yes615579.8156220.27717
Loneliness
 Unknown487985.284514.85724
 No10,82682.5230317.513,129
 Yes113976.135723.91496
Client Felt/Was Advised to Reduce Drinking
 No16,57382.8344617.220,019
 Yes27182.15917.9330
Compliance/Adherence With Medications
 Always Compliant14,90583.0305917.017,964
 Compliant > 80%142779.736420.31791
 Compliant < 80%35582.97317.1428
 No Medications15794.695.4166
Time Since Last Hospital Stay
 Missing865983.2174716.810,406
 In hospital292385.250914.83432
  > 180 days162680.140419.92030
 Within last week104581.823218.21277
 Within 8–14 days92084.716615.31086
 Within 15–30 days82782.118017.91007
 More than 30 days84476.026724.01111
  1. aResident Assessment Instrument–Home Care
  2. bSad Mood- 0. Indicator not exhibited in last 3 days, 1. Exhibited 1–2 of last 3 days 2. Exhibited on each of last 3 days
  3. cPresence of an ulcer anywhere on the body. Ulcers include any area of persistent skin redness (Stage 1); partial loss of skin layers (Stage 2); deep craters in the skin (Stage 3); breaks in skin exposing muscle or bone (Stage 4). [Code 0 if no ulcer, otherwise record the highest ulcer stage (Stage 1–4)
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