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Table 5 Multivariate logistic regression for factors associated with severe daily pain among the last 30 days of life

From: Severe pain at the end of life: a population-level observational study

EffectOdds
Ratio
Estimate
Lower 95%
Confidence Limit for Odds Ratio
Upper 95%
Confidence Limit for Odds Ratio
Age
 0–49refrefref
 50–590.790.581.08
 60–690.600.450.80
 70–790.440.330.59
 80–890.360.270.47
 90+0.310.230.42
Sex
 Malerefrefref
 Female1.251.161.35
Income Quintile
 Highestrefrefref
 High1.100.971.24
 Middle1.070.941.21
 Low1.030.921.17
 Lowest1.080.951.21
Rurality
 Urbanrefrefref
 Rural0.980.891.08
ADLsa
 Independentrefrefref
 Limited impairment1.120.981.28
 Supervision required1.100.941.29
 Extensive assistance required (I)1.261.081.46
 Extensive assistance required (II)1.311.131.51
 Dependent1.761.532.04
 Total dependence2.051.632.59
IADLsb
 No difficulty in any of three IADLsrefrefref
 Some difficulty in one IADL only2.040.835.03
 Some difficulty in two IADLs only2.691.206.04
 Some difficulty in all three IADLs2.160.805.87
 Great difficulty in one IADL but less than
great difficulty in the other two
3.571.637.83
 Great difficulty in two IADLs but less
than great difficulty in the other one
3.901.798.51
 Great difficulty in all three IADLs3.091.416.77
Palliative Home Care
 Norefrefref
 Yes1.131.031.24
Physician Home Visit
 No Physician Home Visitrefrefref
 Physician Home Visit Non Specialist1.120.991.26
 Palliative Care Specialist1.140.911.44
Cognitive Performance Scale (CPS)
 Intactrefrefref
 Borderline intact1.100.971.24
 Mild impairment0.970.881.08
 Moderate impairment0.750.650.87
 Moderate/severe impairment0.610.480.78
 Severe impairment0.680.560.82
 Very severe impairment0.520.400.68
Number of Chronic Conditions
 0–2refrefref
 3–41.090.981.21
 5+1.341.211.49
Trajectory
 Frailtyrefrefref
 Organ Failure1.060.941.19
 Sudden Death1.281.041.58
 Undetermined1.260.951.68
 Other1.591.281.97
 Terminal Illness1.661.461.88
  1. aActivities of daily living
  2. bInstrumental activities of daily living
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