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Table 1 Summary of the main characteristics of the sample, including the two groups

From: End-of-life care in a pediatric intensive care unit: the impact of the development of a palliative care unit

General dataAll (n = 175)Pre-palliative group (n = 101)Post-palliative group (n = 74)p
Sex, malea85 (48.6%)46 (45.5%)39 (52.7%)0.420
Median age, yearsb1 (0.3–4.65)0.81 (0.31–5.43)1 (0.38–4.25)0.948
Underlying diseasea152 (86.9%)88 (87.1%)64 (86.5%)0.901
Cardiac22 (12.6%)11 (10.9%)11 (14.9%)0.001
Respiratory6 (3.4%)06 (8.1%)
Neurological61 (34.9%)43 (42.6%)18 (24.3%)
Oncologic22 (12.6%)11 (10.9%)11 (14.9%)
Metabolic28 (16%)20 (19.8%)8 (10.8%)
Others13 (7.4%)3 (3%)10 13.5%)
Reason for admissiona
 Cardiac arrest19 (10.9%)16 (15.8%)3 (4.1%)0.328
 Respiratory insufficiency86 (49.1%)45 (44.6%)41 (55.4%)
 Cardiac decompensation13 (7.4%)7 (6.9%)6 (8.1%)
 Sepsis21 (12%)13 (12.9%)8 (10.8%)
 Intracranial hypertension6 (3.4%)3 (3%)3 (4.1%)
 Others29 (16.6%)17 (16.8%)12 (16.2%)
 Length of stay, daysb6 (2–13)4 (2–12.5)7 (3–14.25)0.011
Reason for LSLa
 Unfavorable evolution of underlying disease83 (47.4%)51 (50.5%)32 (43.2%)0.319
 Poor prognosis54 (30.9%)31 (30.7%)23 (31.1%)0.978
 Neurological sequelae35 (20%)17 (16.8%)18 (24.3%)0.228
Life-support limitationa
 Withdrawal113 (64.6%)58 (57.4%)55 (74.3%)0.031
 Withholding37 (21.1%)31 (30.7%)6 (8%)0.000
 Do-not-resuscitate order23 (13.1%)10 (9.9%)13 (17.6%)0.152
 Necropsy64 (36.6%)35 (34.6%)29 (39.2%) 
 Organ or tissue donation13 (7.4%)11 (10.9%)2 (2.7%)0.036
  1. aCategorical variable, expressed as frequency (%), Chi-square test. bContinuous variable, expressed as median (IQR), Mann-Whitney U test. LSL: life-support limitation
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