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Table 4 Categorized comments about linguistic issues found in the dyspnea and constipation items of EORTC QLQ-C30

From: Content validation of the EORTC QLQ-C15-PAL with advanced cancer patients and health care professionals from palliative care services in Chile

Scale/item Item Participant comments and suggestions for alternative wording (quotation marks) Pts. HCPs
Dyspnea 8 Not well formulated 1 2
“Ran out of air” 1 2
“Lack of air” 3 4
“Ran out of breath” 5 2
“Difficulty breathing” 2 1
“Maximum tiredness”   2
Did not understand “short of breath” 2  
Total 14 13
Constipation 16 “Difficulty defecating” 3 6
“Troubles defecating” 2 1
“Bowel movements” 1 2
Did not understand “constipated” 1 1
Total 7 10
  1. Pts Patients, HCPs health care professionals