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Table 3 GPs’ evaluation of SPHC importance (index), univariate analyses

From: Factors influencing GPs’ perception of specialised palliative homecare (SPHC) importance – results of a cross-sectional study

Variable Regression Coefficient β Significance 95% Confidence Interval Standard Error n
Age −.002 .238 −.006; .001 .002 954
Gender (Reference: male) .158 <.001 .093; .223 .033 955
Work experience (years) −.003 .023 −.006; −4.8*10^(−4) .002 948
Working hours/week −.005 <.001 −.008; −.002 .001 944
Practice Type (Reference: medical care centre)      956
 Single-handed −.123 .128 −.281; .035 .081  
 Group practice −.123 .128 −.282; .035 .081  
Employed (reference: yes) −.064 .218 −.165; .038 .052 943
Location of practice (reference: big city)      949
 Rural −.084 .070 −.176; .007 .047  
 Small town −.057 .212 −.147; .033 .046  
 Medium-sized town −.078 .124 −.177; .021 .050  
Affiliation to Federal State (association of Statuatory Health Insurance Physicians, reference: Westphalia-Lippe)      956
 Bavaria .039 .561 −.093; .171 .067  
 Berlin .227 .003 .076; .378 .077  
 Hesse .144 .040 .006; .282 .070  
 Lower Saxony .108 .133 −.033; .248 .072  
 Saxony-Anhalt .068 .313 −.064; .200 .067  
 Schleswig-Holstein .083 .235 −.054; .220 .070  
 Thuringia .122 .056 −.003; .247 .064  
Number of patients/quarter −9.08*10^(−5) .048 −1.81*10^(−4) −7.68*10^(−7) 910
Number of palliative patients/year −.001 .081 −.002; 1.40*10^(− 4) .001 940
Number of home visits/week −.001 .096 −.003; 2.42*10^(− 4) .001 954
Number of home visits/quarter within palliative patients −3.27*10^(−4) .051 −.001; 1.46*10^(−6) 1.67*10^(− 4) 937
Conviction that palliative care should be a central part of GP’s work −.145 <.001 −.185; −.106 .020 949
Self-assessed palliative competence −.182 <.001 −.230; −.135 .024 939
Extent of GP palliative care delivery (index) −.334 <.001 −.395; −.272 .031 954
Perceived involvement in treatment after SPHC initiation .116 <.001 .080; .152 .018 836
Frequency of SPHC referrals denied by MDKa .017 .617 −.049; .082 .033 811
Number of SPHC referrals by other health care professionals −.007 .035 −.014; −.001 .003 756
Qualification level (Reference: none + exclusively within work in general practice)      921
 Additional qualification in palliative care −.080 .158 −.191; .031 .057  
 BQKPmVb −.337 .084 −.720; .045 .195  
 40 h-course certificate −.068 .154 −.161; .025 .047  
 Having worked in a palliative care institution for at least 3 months .069 .342 −.073; .210 .072  
Remuneration level (Reference: PPC)      956
 Settlement via selective contracts −.087 .168 −.212; .037 .063  
 BQKPmV −.399 .008 −.693; −.105 .150  
 PPC + additional qualification in palliative care −.081 .201 −.204; .043 .063  
Quality of surrounding palliative infrastructure .121 .003 .042; .201 .041 869
Quality of utilised SPHC .241 <.001 .187; .294 .027 811
  1. a Medical advisary service of Social Health Insurance (MDK: Medizinischer Dienst der Krankenkassen)
  2. b Particularly qualified and coordinated general palliative care (translation)