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Table 2 Description and comparison of items on the Bugen scale by country

From: Exploring the attitudes of health science students in Spain and Bolivia towards death. A cross sectional survey

  Country Difference means Student’s t-test
Spain (n = 303) Bolivia (n = 245) t(546) p-value
EB1 I feel prepared to face my dying process 3.31 (1.89) 4.25 (1.94) −0.94 −5.728 <  0.001
EB2 I feel prepared to face my death 3.18 (1.89) 3.94 (2.07) −0.76 −4.472 <  0.001
EB3 I can express my fears about dying 4.73 (1.65) 4.15 (1.82) 0.58 3.946 <  0.001
EB4 I can talk about my death with family and friends 459 (1.88) 4.03 (2.17) 0.56 3.246 0.001
EB5 I will be able to cope with future losses 3.63 (1.85) 3.76 (2.13) −0.13 −0.762 0.446
EB6 I feel able to handle the death of others close to me 3.33 (1.81) 3.4 (2.05) −0.07 −0.429 0.668
EB7 I know how to listen to others 5.11 (1.41) 4.74 (1.94) 0.37 2.531 0.012
EB8 I know how to speak to children about death 3.42 (1.71) 3.84 (2.03) −0.42 −2.666 0.008
EB9 I am able to spend time with the dying if I need to 4.33 (1.78) 3.98 (1.99) 0.35 2.15 0.032
EB10 I can help someone with their thoughts and feelings about death and dying 3.69 (1.68) 4.35 (1.85) −0.66 −4.369 <  0.001
EB11 I would be able to talk to a friend or family member about their death 5.2 (1.72) 4.68 (1.9) 0.52 3.371 0.001
EB12 I can communicate with the dying 4.77 (1.58) 4.44 (1.93) 0.33 2.141 0.033