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Table 4 Association between home deaths and items in each LTCa type for home-dwelling recipientsb (n = 2,035,657)

From: Place of death associated with types of long-term care services near the end-of-life for home-dwelling older people in Japan: a pooled cross-sectional study

Service item in each type of LTCc Incident rate ratios Robust SEd p-value 95% Confidential Interval
No use Reference
In-home service for care 1.22 0.004 <  0.001 1.21 1.23
In-home service for nursing 1.29 0.005 <  0.001 1.28 1.30
In-home service for medical supports 1.77 0.007 <  0.001 1.76 1.78
In-home service for bath 1.75 0.007 <  0.001 1.74 1.77
In-home service for rehabilitation 0.85 0.009 <  0.001 0.83 0.87
In-home service for renting welfare equipment 3.80 0.020 <  0.001 3.77 3.84
Day service for care 1.19 0.005 <  0.001 1.18 1.20
Day service for rehabilitation 0.99 0.008 0.417 0.98 1.01
Short-stay service for care 0.91 0.005 <  0.001 0.90 0.92
Short-stay service for care with medical services 0.77 0.010 <  0.001 0.75 0.79
  1. a Long-term care
  2. b Poisson regression analysis, which was conducted to examine the association between the use of service item in each type of LTC for home-dwelling recipients and home death, adjusts for recipients’ age at time of death, gender, presence of spouse, underlying cause of death, year of death, degree of need for care, and secondary medical area dummy variables. Exponentiated coefficients were shown as incident rate ratios
  3. c Care recipients used service items in each type of LTC for home-dwelling recipients during/in the month of death
  4. d Standard errors