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Table 2 Variable domains 2–5. Sample characteristics and analysis of the individual variables in Domain 2–5 in relation to the family members’ sense of support within the closest family (dependent variable) Sample characteristics of patients (of the interviewed family members; n = 209) and analysis of the individual variables in relation to the family members’ sense of support within the closest family (dependent variable)

From: Sense of support within the family: a cross-sectional study of family members in palliative home care

Variable domain
(relating subsystem or suprasystem)
Variable
(range of response alternatives/index)
%
responses
Description
(mean [SD]; range) or percent
Wald valuesa for individual variable Relation-ship
II. Patient characteristics
(SUBSYSTEM: Family member -Closest family)
Patient demographics
Patient’s age (in years) 94 68.5 [13.77]; (20–94) 0.53  
Patient’s gender: male/ female 94 39%/ 55% 1.29  
Patient native born in Sweden 99 88% 0.30  
Patient’s living conditions
Alone 98 27% 2.07  
With wife/husband/co-habitant 98 65% 0.04  
With child 98 5% 4.40 neg
With other 98 8% 3.44  
Geographical distance between housing of patient and family member 99   0.44  
Same household/ 5–60 min distance/More than 1 h   62%/ 30%/ 6%   
Patient illness
Patient having difficulties with memory (1 (never) – 5 (very often) 99 2.16 [1.27]; (1–5) 0.48  
Patient having changed behaviour (1 (never) - 5 (very often)) 99 2.39 [1.18];(1–5) 5.09 neg
Malignant diagnoses
Gastro-intestinal 94 30 0.02  
Respiratory 94 11% 2.85  
Breast 94 11% 0.29  
Gynaecological 94 6% 0.21  
Urological 94 13% 0.19  
Haematological 94 6% 1.69  
Other malignancies 94 10% 0.72  
Non-malignant diagnosesb 94 7% 0.18  
Time since diagnosis (in months) 99 35.0 [44.89];1–240) 0.03  
III. Other more distant family members’ support to the interviewed family member
(SUBSYSTEM: Family member - Other more distant family member) s
Support to family member from other family members than the closest family (1 (never) - 6 (always)) 98 4.68 [1.16];(2–6) 50.24 pos
IV. Other family members’ support to patient
(SUBSYSTEM: Patient – Other family members (than the interviewed family member)
Support to patient from other family members, relatives or friends (1 (never) - 6 (always)) 97 4.57 [1.25];(1–6) 43.97 pos
V. Sense of security in palliative home care
(SUPRASYSTEM: Family member - Palliative home care unit)
The family members’ sense of security with palliative care: Care interaction subscale (SEC-Rc; 1 (never) - 6 (always)) 99 5.12 [0.70];(1–6) 4.55 pos
Mastery subscale (SEC-R; 1 (never) - 6 (always)) 100 4.20 [0.96];(1.6) 8.42 pos
Patient situation subscale (SEC-R; 1 (never) - 6 (always)) 100 4.82 [0.76];(1–6) 21.17 pos
Time from commencement of palliative home care to the interview with the family member (days) 93 187 [377.7];(11–4256) 1.72  
  1. aWald =4 is approximately equivalent with p = 0.05; Wald = 6 is approximately equivalent with p = 0.01
  2. bNeurological disease (n = 9), heart- or lung disease (n = 4), and other (n = 2)
  3. cSEC-R, The sense of security in care-Relatives’ Evaluation instrument; ECR-M16, Experiences in Close Relationships scale