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Table 1 Attitudes towards life-sustaining treatment at the end of life by participants’ demographic characteristics n (%)

From: Investigation of the awareness of and demand for hospice care and attitudes towards life-sustaining treatment at the end of life among community residents in Hangzhou

Project Category Life-sustaining treatment attitudes at the end of life Total x trend 2/x2 P‧
Active treatment Comfortable support treatment No treatment needed (n = 519)
(n = 181) (n = 265) (n = 73)  
Area of residence Rural-urban fringe 108 (40.15) 124 (46.10) 37 (13.75) 269 (51.83) 7.186 0.028*
Urban area 73 (29.20) 141 (56.40) 36 (14.40) 250 (48.17)
Gender Male 79 (34.80) 116 (51.10) 32 (14.10) 227 (43.74) 0.001 0.975
Female 102 (34.93) 149 (51.03) 41 (14.04) 292 (56.26)
Age 40 ~ 49 34 (41.46) 42 (51.22) 6 (7.32) 82 (15.80) 12.988 < 0.001c
50 ~ 59 51 (47.22) 43 (39.81) 14 (12.96) 108 (20.81)
60 ~ 69 52 (30.41) 94 (54.97) 25 (14.62) 171 (32.95)
70 ~ 79 34 (30.09) 63 (55.75) 16 (14.16) 113 (21.77)
> 80 10 (22.22) 23 (51.11) 12 (26.67) 45 (8.67)
Marital status Single 22 (33.85) 34 (52.31) 9 (13.85) 65 (12.52) 0.048 0.976
Married 159 (35.02) 231 (50.88) 64 (14.10) 454 (87.48)
Education level Primary school and below 28 (45.16) 25 (40.32) 9 (14.52) 62 (11.94) 2.677 0.102
Junior 52 (34.90) 73 (48.99) 24 (16.11) 149 (28.71)
High School/Technical School 52 (35.37) 72 (48.98) 23 (15.65) 147 (28.32)
Junior college or above 60 (28.85) 123 (59.15) 25 (12.02) 208 (40.08)
Monthly after-tax income (RMB) No income 14 (51.85) 9 (33.33) 4 (14.81) 27 (5.20) 1.753 0.185
1 ~ 3000 39 (39.39) 45 (45.45) 15 (15.15) 99 (19.08)
3001 ~ 5000 70 (33.02) 110 (51.89) 32 (15.09) 212 (40.85)
5001 ~ 10,000 51 (34.00) 83 (55.33) 16 (10.67) 150 (28.90)
> 10,000 7 (22.58) 18 (58.06) 6 (19.35) 31 (5.97)
Medical insurance Out of pocket 10 (34.48) 12 (41.38) 7 (24.14) 29 (5.59) 4.868 0.561
New rural cooperative medical service 32 (42.11) 35 (46.05) 9 (11.84) 76 (14.64)
Basic medical insurance for urban residents 42 (34.15) 64 (52.03) 17 (13.82) 123 (23.70)
Basic medical insurance for urban workers 97 (33.33) 154 (52.92) 40 (13.75) 291 (56.07)
Religious beliefs No 27 (7.40) 148 (40.55) 190 (52.05) 365 (70.33) 1.759a 0.079
Yes 16 (10.40) 70 (45.50) 68 (44.20) 154 (29.67)
Experience of the death of an immediately family member Yes 127 (34.79) 190 (52.05) 48 (13.15) 365 (70.33) 0.973 0.615
No 54 (35.06) 75 (48.70) 25 (16.23) 154 (29.67)
Experience of caring for dying patients Yes 95 (37.55) 127 (50.20) 31 (12.25) 253 (48.75) 2.237 0.327
No 86 (32.33) 138 (51.88) 42 (15.79) 266 (51.25)