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Table 1 Characteristics of study respondents

From: Factors underlying surrogate medical decision-making in middle eastern and east Asian women: a Q-methodology study

  Middle Eastern (n = 120) East Asian (n = 120)
Age-mean (SD), yr. 32.7 (9.4) 33.7 (6.0)
Nationality- no. (%)
Saudi  67 (56)
Filipino  113 (94)
Syrian  23 (19)
Others  30 (25) 7 (6)
Employment status- no. (%)
Student   23 (19) 0 (0)
Employed  83 (69) 119 (99)
Self employed  3 (3) 1 (1)
Not employed  3 (3) 0 (0)
Self-rated religiosity- no. (%)
1 (least)   2 (2) 3 (3)
2  6 (5) 1 (1)
3  65 (54) 52 (43)
4  34 (28) 47 (39)
5 (most)   13 (11) 17 (14)
Religious affiliation no. (%)
Islam  120 (100) 19 (16)
Christianity  0 (0) 99 (83)
Others  0 (0) 2 (2)
Social value subscales-mean (SD)
1.Planning social change*  −0.33 (0.52) −0.14 (0.40)
2.Free choice regarding medical ethical questions**  0.64 (0.57) 0.31 (0.48)
3.Deciding good vs bad regarding personal welfare***  0.01(0.48) 0.04 (0.50)
Self-rated health- no. (%)
Excellent  36 (30) 18 (15)
Very good  52 (43) 70 (58)
Good  27 (23) 31 (26)
Fair  4 (3) 1 (1)
Poor  1 (1) 0 (0)
Daily self-care-no. (%)
Without help  118 (98) 119 (99)
With some help  2 (2) 1 (1)
Completely unable to do any housework  0 (0) 0 (0)
Pain in last month-no. (%)
None  34 (28) 48 (40)
A little bit  57 (48) 46 (38)
Moderate  22 (18) 19 (16)
Quite a bit  4 (3) 7 (6)
Extreme  3 (3) 0 (0)
Pain interference with daily activities-no. (%)
Not at all  71 (59) 79 (66)
A little bit  34 (28) 24 (20)
Moderately  10 (8) 13 (11)
Quite a bit  4 (3) 4 (3)
Extremely  1 (1) 0 (0)
Current Quality of life-no. (%)
Excellent  39 (33) 18 (15)
Very good  56 (47) 81 (68)
Good  25 (21) 19 (16)
Fair  0 (0) 2 (2)
“If I could live my life over, I would change almost nothing.”-no. (%)
Strongly agree  12 (10) 22 (18)
Agree  25 (21) 56 (47)
Neither agree nor disagree  23 (19) 31 (26)
Disagree  33 (28) 10 (8)
Strongly disagree  27 (23) 1 (1)
Living arrangements-no. (%)
With spouse  46 (38) 54 (45)
With parent  60 (50) 13 (11)
With child  6 (5) 2 (2)
With other family members  7 (6) 8 (7)
Alone  1 (1) 43 (36)
Death in immediate family/close friends-no. (%)
Last year  24 (20) 26 (22)
2–5 years ago  55 (46) 46 (38)
None in last 5 years  41 (34) 48 (40)
Personal experience with surrogate decision-making-no. (%)
Last year  34 (28) 14 (12)
2–5 years ago  21 (18) 21 (18)
Six or more years ago  4 (3) 7 (6)
None  61 (51) 78 (65)
Sorting time-mean (SD), min. 67.2 (14.5) 73.4 (17.6)
  1. Percentages refer to number of responses and may not add to 100% due to rounding. *Subscale-1 ranges from −2.0 (most liberal) to 2.0 (most conservative). **Subscale-2 ranges from −1.57 (most liberal) to 2.43 (most conservative). ***Subcale-3 ranges from − 2.0 (most liberal) to 2.0 (most conservative). Responses to individual social value scale statements are presented in Table 1S under Additional file 3-social value scale