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Table 5 Surrogate medical decision-making models in East Asian women

From: Factors underlying surrogate medical decision-making in middle eastern and east Asian women: a Q-methodology study

Norm-perception (N-perspective) models
Model A: Society’s interest and surrogate-independent
Model B: Religious/spiritual beliefs and surrogate-independent and emotion-dependent
Model C: Medical facts-dependent and patient’s preference independent
Model D: Financial needs and society’s interests-independent
Model E: Patient’s preference-dependent and emotion-independent
Model F: Patient’s religious/spiritual beliefs-dependent
Patient’s perspective (P-perspective) models
Model A: Society’s interests-independent
Model B: Religious/spiritual beliefs-independent
Model C: Financial needs-dependent and emotion-independent
Model D: Emotion-independent and family needs-dependent
Model E: Patient’s preference-independent and patient’s religious/spiritual beliefs-dependent
Model F: Patient’s preference-independent
Surrogate’s perspective (S-perspective) models
Model A: Religious/spiritual beliefs and financial needs-independent
Model B: Society’s interest-independent
Model C: Family burden-independent and religious/spiritual beliefs-dependent.
Model D: Surrogate’s preference-independent
Model E: Financial needs-dependent and patient’s authentic-life narrative-independent
Model F: Society’s interests-independent and religious/spiritual beliefs-dependent
  1. Models interpretation details are presented in Additional file 5 Q-methodology technical report