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Table 2 Characteristics of patients who participated or did not participate in CPR/DNAR discussion and EOL disclosure

From: Patient participation and associated factors in the discussions on do-not-attempt-resuscitation and end-of-life disclosure: a retrospective chart review study

  Participation in CPR/DNAR discussion Participation in EOL disclosure
Yes (n=112) No (n=224) p value Yes (n=171) No (n=170) p value
Gender
 Male 83 (74.1%) 135 (60.3%) 0.012 117 (68.4%) 104 (61.2%) 0.16
 Female 29 (25.9%) 89 (39.7%)   54 (31.6%) 66 (38.8%)  
Age, years (mean, SD) 68.1±13.5 70.7±15.7 0.034 67.4±13.5 72.4±15.7 <0.001
Marital status
 Married 69 (61.6%) 151 (67.4%) 0.29 118 (69.0%) 108 (63.5%) 0.29
 Unmarried 43 (38.4%) 73 (32.6%)   53 (31.0%) 62 (36.5%)  
Family structure
 Living alone 32 (28.6%) 32 (14.3%) 0.002 40 (23.4%) 25 (14.7%) 0.041
 Living with family 80 (71.4%) 192 (85.7%)   131 (76.6%) 145 (85.3%)  
Presence of mental illness
 Yes 9 (8.0%) 37 (16.5%) 0.033 14 (8.2%) 32 (18.8%) 0.004
 No 103 (92.0%) 187 (83.5%)   157 (91.8%) 138 (81.2%)  
Diagnosis
 Cancer 75 (67.0%) 121 (54.0%) 0.023 122 (71.3%) 77 (45.3%) <0.001
 Non-cancer 37 (33.0%) 103 (46.0%)   49 (28.7%) 93 (54.7%)  
Number of hospitalization in the last two years (mean, SD) 3.7±2.8 3.5±3.2 0.049 4.0±3.2 3.2±2.9 <0.001
Period from the diagnosis to the death, days (mean, SD) 1103±1203 998±1905 0.006 1261±2120 815±1299 0.001
Length of the last hospital stay, days (mean, SD) 32.1±38.4 35.9±44.3 0.46 32.9±38.2 35.8±46.0 0.66
Period from the first applicable IC to the death, days (mean, SD) 100.8±239.0 66.2±170.5 <0.001 113.8±240.5 35.7±72.6 <0.001
Place of discussion
 Outpatient service 14 (12.5%) 17 (7.6%) 0.143a 37 (21.6%) 18 (10.6%) 0.006a
 Inpatient service 98 (87.5%) 207 (92.4%)   134 (78.4%) 152 (89.4%)  
  last hospitalization 67 (59.8%) 178 (79.5%) <0.001b 89 (52.0%) 134 (78.8%) <0.001b
  other hospitalizations 31 (27.7%) 29 (12.9%)   45 (26.3%) 18 (10.6%)  
  1. CPR cardiopulmonary resuscitation, DNAR Do-Not-Attempt-Resuscitation, EOL End Of Life, IC informed consent, SD standard deviation
  2. aoutpatient vs. inpatient (both last hospitalization and others)
  3. blast hospitalization vs. other hospitalizations