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Table 2 Standard operating procedures for dyspnea and excessive sputum with difficult expectoration in Group B patients

From: Enhanced home palliative care could reduce emergency department visits due to non-organic dyspnea among cancer patients: a retrospective cohort study

Learning Goals
 1. Being able to list out current medications.
 2. Assessment of dyspnea, labored breathing, excessive sputum with difficult expectoration, and symptoms of deoxygenation.
 3. Assessment of sputum amount, color, and odor.
 4. Management of acute dyspnea.
 5. Management of excessive sputum and difficult expectoration.
  1. Note. A. Lung primary cancer or metastases, compression of tumor mass on the airway, pulmonary infection, failure to clear sputum, heart failure, anemia and other situations may lead to dyspnea
  2. B. Timely management involves minimizing patient’s fear, easing tension, and using simple yet appropriate methods to regain airway patency