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Table 2 Effects on comfort and quality of care and dying by subgroups

From: No difference in effects of ‘PACE steps to success’ palliative care program for nursing home residents with and without dementia: a pre-planned subgroup analysis of the seven-country PACE trial

Comparison between the subgroups Subgroup differences in baseline-adjusted mean difference (95% CI) p-valuesc
Comfort in the last week of lifea
 Advanced dementia vs Without dementia 2.1 (−0.9–5.1) 0.177
 Non-advanced dementia vs Without dementia 2.7 (−0.4–5.9) 0.092
 Advanced dementia vs Non-advanced dementia −0.6 (−3.8–2.5) 0.698
Quality of care and dying in the last month of lifeb
 Advanced dementia vs Without dementia −0.6 (−4.1–2.9) 0.741
 Non-advanced dementia vs Without dementia −1.5 (−5.2–2.2) 0.428
 Advanced dementia vs Non-advanced dementia 0.9 (−2.8–4.6) 0.632
  1. All mean total scores and p-values are cluster-adjusted
  2. Abbreviations: CAD-EOLD Comfort Assessment in Dying–End of Life in Dementia, QOD-LTC Quality of Dying in Long Term Care, CI confidence intervals
  3. a Comfort in the last week of life was measured using CAD-EOLD scale (total scores range 14–42). Higher scores indicate better comfort
  4. b Quality of care and dying in the last month of life was measured using QOD-LTC scale (total scores range 11–55). Higher scores indicate better quality of care and dying
  5. c Subgroup differences in the estimated baseline-adjusted mean differences between intervention and control groups post-intervention (group x time x dementia interaction)