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Table 2 Documentation of DNR or POLST before (Group 1) and after (Group 2) the implementation of the Life-Sustaining Treatment Decisions Act

From: Changes in decision-making process for life-sustaining treatment in patients with advanced cancer after the life-sustaining treatment decisions-making act

Variables Group 1
(n=943)
Group 2
(n=891)
p-value
DNR or POLST documentation Completed documentation 713 (75.6%) 775 (87.0%) <0.001
Type of document DNR 713 (100%) 4 (0.5%) <0.001
POLST - 771 (99.5%)
Decision makersa Patients 11 (1.5%) 492 (63.5%) <0.001
Surrogate decision-makers 702 (98.5%) 283 (36.5%)
DNR or POLST documentation prior to death, day (Mean ± SD)a 14.4 ± 32.5 21.2 ± 43.8 0.001
DNR or POLST documentation within 7 days of deatha 439 (56.1%) 369 (47.6%) <0.001
  1. a analyzed from cases with documented DNR or POLST (n=1488; 783 from group 1, 775 from group 2)
  2. DNR do not resuscitate; POLST Physician Orders for Life-Sustaining Treatment; SD standard deviation