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Table 1 Inclusion/exclusion criteria

From: Engaging family caregivers and health system partners in exploring how multi-level contexts in primary care practices affect case management functions and outcomes of patients and family caregivers at end of life: a realist synthesis

Inclusion/exclusion criteria used to identify relevant sources
Inclusion Criteria:
English, 2009 + (chosen because year when National Case Management Network published Canadian Standards for Practice for Case Management http://www.ncmn.ca/)
Included articles that discussed any of the following topics:
• 1) The concept of end of life/palliative/self-management for those with high symptom burden:
• 2) Palliative approach-early access, early identification, how to identify individuals appropriate for a palliative approach, such as tool or clinical criteria, surprise question;
• 3) How to help transitions from chronic condition management into early palliative care or from early palliative care to higher levels of palliative care;
• 4) Using, Identifying, or informing how to identify, critical community supports in the last year of life, e.g., may look at patient family needs and preferences;
• 5) Interdisciplinary collaboration for early palliative care; or
• 6) Case management or coordination of care across the continuum of palliative care delivery and settings.
Exclusion criteria: articles involving children or young adults