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Table 1 Comparison of clinical characteristics

From: Can primary palliative care education change life-sustaining treatment intensity of older adults at the end of life? A retrospective study

  2014–2017
(N = 131)
2018–2019
(N = 72)
χ2/Z value p-value
Age N (%)
 < 80 years 21 (16.0) 10 (13.9) 4.043 0.132
 80 ~ 89 years 65 (49.6) 27 (37.5)   
  ≥ 90 years 45 (34.4) 35 (48.6)   
Gender N (%)
 Male 100 (76.3) 57 (79.2) 0.212 0.645
 Female 31 (23.7) 15 (20.8)   
Cause of death N (%)
 Cancer 55 (42.0) 27 (37.5) 0.429 0.807
 Infectious disease 47 (35.9) 27 (37.5)   
 Others 29 (22.1) 18 (25.0)   
Times of hospitalization in past 12 months N (%)
 1 50 (38.2) 18 (25.0) 3.756 0.153
 2 ~ 3 50 (38.2) 32 (44.4)   
  ≥ 4 31 (23.6) 22 (30.6)   
ADL score N (%)
  ≥ 75 15 (11.5) 8 (11.1) 0.011 0.995
 50 ~ 70 27 (20.6) 15 (20.8)   
  ≤ 45 89 (67.9) 49 (68.1)   
CCI 6.0 (5.0, 8.0) 5.0 (3, 7.8) -3.427 (Z value) 0.001
Persons who sigh CPR N (%)
 Offspring 110 (84.0) 56 (77.8) 1.286 0.609
 Spouse 16 (12.2) 11 (15.3)   
 Others 3 (2.3) 2 (2.8)   
 No CPR signature 2 (1.5) 3 (4.1)   
Preference of CPR N (%) (missing cases = 2) (missing cases = 3)   
 DNR 107 (82.9) 57 (82.6) 1.533 0.465
 Full or partial consensus 14 (10.9) 5 (7.2)   
 CPR to DNR 8 (6.2) 7 (10.2)